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Which are the major cities located on the river Ganga?

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Answer
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Hint:- The Ganga is the most important river of India, both from its basin and cultural significance. It is considered as the holy river of India, so it's cities also. People believe that taking shower in river Ganga, can wash their sins and can get moksha. Cities located on its bank are also considered as Holy, that's why every year lakhs of people come here. That's why both Ganga and its cities have cultural significance.

Step by step answer
Water is a very important factor which affects the human settlement, that's why many cities are located on the banks of the river. Ganga has many cities on Its bank.

1:-Haridwar
Haridwar is the holy city of Hindu people. After streaming for 253km from Its opening at Gaumukh, Ganga enters the Indo Gangetic plains of North India at this city. Kumbh Mela is also being celebrated here every fourth year. Amid Kumbh meals a large number of devotees, pilgrims come here to perform showering on the bank of the Ganga to wash away their sins.

2:-Kanpur
Kanpur is also a very important city in Uttar Pradesh. It is known as the Manchester of East.

3:-Prayagraj
It was known as the Allahabad earlier. This city is in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the seventh most crowded city in the State. It is the second most established city of India and assumes a focal part in Hindu holy cities. It facilitated both sports and cultural occasions. It also contributes largely to the economy of the state economy by financial services and the real estate sector.

4:-Varanasi
 Varanasi is also called Banaras or Kashi. It is a North Indian city on the bank of river Ganga in Uttar Pradesh. It is the holiest place of seven hollowed urban areas in Hinduism and Jainism. Its culture is connected with the river Ganga.

5:-Patna:-
Patna is the capital of Bihar state. The current city of Patna is on the southern bank of Ganga. Patna is situated on the south bank of Ganga in Eastern India. It has alluvial soil so people cultivate sugarcane, rice, and different food grains.

6:-Rishikesh
Rishikesh is a city, metropolitan board and a tehsil in Dehradun region of Uttarakhand. It is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas in northern India known as "the gateway of the Garhwal Himalayas''. Rishikesh is known for its Ayurvedic medication. It has four chota char Dham journey places, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath, and Kedarnath. Just like Haridwar, it is also considered as a sacred city, meat and liquor are not served inside the city.
There are some other cities which are also located on the banks of Ganga River such as, Kolkata, Bala, Kanpur, Baharampur, Bhagalpur, Mirzapur, Jajmau, these are also equally important.

Additional information
Indian drainage system divided into two parts
1)The Himalayan drainage system, 2)Peninsular Drainage system.
The basic difference between the two is that Himalayan rivers get their water from snow and rain; such as Ganga, whereas Peninsular rivers are fed by only rain. Himalayan rivers have larger drainage than Peninsular rivers.

Note
Ganga river has different names at different places. It rises in Gangotri glacier near Gaumukh in Uttarkashi, where it is known as Bhagirath. At Devprayag the Bhagirathi meets the Alaknanda, hereafter it is known as the Ganga.
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