Question & Answer

What is conservation? Why is conservation of resources necessary? What are the views of Gandhiji about resource conservation?


Conservation means usage, improvement, protection of human and natural resources in a wise manner. It is also the restoration of cultural heritage, protection and restoration of cultural heritage, including works of art and architecture, as well as archaeological and historical artefacts.

Conservation of resources can help to take care of our heritage. We can care for and protected for the benefit, use and enjoyment of the public today and for generations to come. Our Natural Resources should be conserved because it is the main source of our daily needs and is limited only. If these resources are abused and harmed, we will have a short quantity of sources for food and living. We all know that due to the cutting of trees in mountains, the rain that falls on the mountain will not be absorbed by the trees, then it can cause mudslides that can affect those who live on the mountainside. The much-appreciated idea is sustainable living and it should be the basis of our living values. We need to stop all kind of wastage. We need to understand that our Natural Resources are limited and overexploitation will harm not only us but the coming generation more. One should always remember that our forthcoming generation will also need our Natural Resources. One can always conserve resources by simply using materials wisely and not wasting it. There are simple ways to help in conserving our natural resources. These are something called “3R Concept” which means “REDUCE”, “REUSE” and “RECYCLE”. For e.g. our used papers will reuse by recycling it and turn it into a new paper product. We can reduce the cutting of trees just for our new paper products. Contrary to some popular opinions, resources are not infinite and some are dangerous in the wrong hands. We need to especially manage limited resources (e.g. water, forests, biodiversity) and challenges to their use (e.g. waste disposal, hunting, poaching, fishing, deforestation, irrigation, damming of rivers, pesticides, herbicides, chemical releases). Different technologies, recycling, waste reduction and spoilage, are the ways to reduce consumption.

Our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was very apt in voicing his concern about resource conservation in these words: "There is enough for everybody's need and not for any body's greed." He used to say that self-centred persons and exploitative nature of the modern technology are the root cause for resource depletion at the international level. He was against mass production and wanted to replace it with the production by the masses. He used to say that there is enough for everybody’s need and not for anybody’s greed. He blamed the greedy and selfish individuals and exploitative nature of modern technology as the root cause for resource depletion. Irrational consumption and over-utilization of resources have led to the socio-economic and environmental problems of shortages and pollution. We can overcome this situation through resource conservation at various levels, it is very important to overcome these problems. If resources are used up at the same rate as they are generated or formed, they will be maintained for use by future generations.