What do you understand about the 'Operation of flood'? Describe any two contributions in the development of Indian villages.

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Hint: Operation Flood was launched on 13 January 1970. It is also known in the name of White Revolution in India.

Complete Answer: 'Operation of flood' is the world's largest dairy development program. It was a landmark project of India's National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) which transformed India from a milk deficient nation into the world's largest milk producer.

The main objectives of Operation of flood we're;
-Increased milk production
-Augmented rural incomes
-Fair prices for consumers
-Increased income and reduced poverty among farmers.
-Ensuring a steady income

This operation was executed in 3 phases. The features of Operation flood were;
-Adoption of modern methods to hold and milk cows
-Changing the composition of animal feed for better adjustment to the condition
-Revision of different producer costs

Within 30 years, it doubled the supply of milk that was available per person in India. It made dairy farming the largest self-sustainable rural employment generator.
The Anand Pattern Experiment at Amul played a key role in the success of this operation. Verghese Kurien, the chairman and founder of Amul, was made the Chairman of NDDB by the then Prime Minister of India Lal Bahadur Shastri.

This operation somehow shaped the rural villages and contributed to their development.
-It provided employment benefits to several people of the Indian villages.
-Without the interference of the middlemen, the milk supply worked smoothly between the producers and the consumers.

Note: The Operation Flood program that led to "The White Revolution." in india. It created a link between producers to consumers all over India , in over 700 towns and cities without involving the middlemen.