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How many types of mountains are there?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: A large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak is known as mountain .You have to give some details about the type of mountain. Generate alternative solutions then evaluate and select an alternative after this implement and follow upon the solution.

Complete answer: There are mainly five types of mountains:
-Fault-block and
Volcanic: Movements of tectonic plates create volcanoes along the plate boundaries, which erupt and form mountains, these mountains are known as volcanic mountains. It is a series of volcanoes that form near a subduction zone where the crust of a sinking oceanic plate melts and drags water down with the subducting crust.

Fold: When plates collide or undergo subduction ( i.e. ride one over another), the plates tend to buckle and fold, forming mountains these mountains are known as fold mountains.. Most of the major continental mountain ranges are associated with thrusting and folding or orogenesis, For Examples: the Balkan Mountains, the Jura and the Zagros mountains.

Plateau: A flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side is known as plateau mountain.

Fault - block : The mountain form when large areas are broken and displaced vertically, are known as Fault - Block Mountains are formed. Here are some examples : the Rhine Valley and the Vosges mountain in Europe.

Dome: The mountains which were formed when large globs of magma float up from beneath the crust and push up surface rocks, creating a rounded swelling in the crust are known as dome mountains. When the magma cools, it creates a large dome of harder rock under the surface, which erosion sometimes reveals.

Note: These types of mountains get their names from how they were formed. The magma ( means hot fluid or semi-fluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed on cooling) will harden on the Earth's surface, forming a mountain. Mountains usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded ridges, and a high point, called a peak or summit. It is a large natural rise of the Earth's surface that usually has a "summit" .