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To which type of forest do the following trees belong?
I. Hintal and Sundari,
II. Rosewood and Ebony.
III. Deodar and Chir Pine.

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Hint: In India, the forest area is 23.28 percent of the total land area of the country consisting of 11.48 percent by dense forest and 7.76 percent by open forest.

Complete Step by Step Answer:
I. Hintal and Sundari trees belong to Littoral or Tidal Forest. Littoral forests are found along the marshy coasts in the delta region and also in swampy and tidal areas. Littoral or tidal forests are also known as Mangrove Forest. The trees grow along the coasts in the salty marshes, mud flats, tidal creeks and estuaries. They have numerous salt-tolerant species of plants. Crisscrossed by creeks of stagnant water and tidal flows, they act as a shelter to a wide variety of birds. They are highly developed in Andaman and Nicobar islands and Sunderbans of West Bengal. Other areas include the Godavari, the Mahanadi and the Krishna deltas.

II. Rosewood and Ebony trees are found in the Rain or tropical evergreen forest. These forests are confined in the humid foothills and eastern and western Himalayas. Regions which experience tropical climate throughout the year are bestowed with tropical evergreen forests with an average annual rainfall more than 200 cm. These forests are evergreen as they do not shed their leaves in any season of the year. They consist of timber and resin producing trees of different species with a height more than 60 meters.

III. Deodar and Chir Pine belong to Mountain forests. The trees of the mountain forest grow at a height of about 1800 to 3000 m above the sea level. This area receives an annual rainfall of 150 to 300 cm with an annual temperature of about 11 degrees Celsius to 14 degrees Celsius.

Note: India formulated a forest policy 1952. It stressed on the sustainable forest management to conserve and expand forest resources on the one hand and to meet the local needs of the people on the other, especially the tribal population which depends solely on the forest for livelihood.