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The way which Mahatma Gandhi adopted for Non-cooperation movement was _______.
a. to inspire the army to revolt against the British government
b. to provoke public for violence
c. to make people agree to surrender their titles and resign form Government jobs with peaceful means
d. to instruct the leaders to oppose the government in Parliament

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Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The Non-Cooperation movement was launched by the Indian National Congress on September 5, 1920, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. At the Congress session held at Calcutta, the party introduced the Non-Cooperation programme. This movement was a new chapter in the fight for freedom.

Complete answer: Mahatma Gandhi was the driving force of the Non-Cooperation movement. He wanted people to adopt swadeshi principles and habits which included hand spinning and weaving. He also wanted people to work for the eradication of untouchability from society.
The movement was a silent and peaceful protest against the British government in India. The Congress party demanded Swarajya or complete independence. This was a decisive step in the independence movement as for the first time, the Congress party was ready to forgo any constitutional means to achieve self-rule.
Let us look at the given options now.
Option a- The Non-Cooperation movement aimed at non-violent protests against the British for achieving the demand for complete independence. It never wanted to inspire the army to revolt against the British but wanted the people not to participate in the British army. This is an incorrect option.
Option b- People were asked to boycott foreign goods, elections to the legislative assembly and to not admit the children to government schools and colleges. Every protest was to be non-violent. This is an incorrect answer.
Option c- The public was asked to give up their titles and resign form the nominated seats in the local bodies as a means of non-cooperation. So, this is the correct answer.
Option d- Gandhiji never wanted any protests in the Parliament. Instead, he wanted people to not participate in the legislative bodies or even in Parliament. Hence, it is an incorrect option.
Thus, the correct answer is option ‘c’.

Note: The Non-Cooperation movement was suspended because of the Chauri-Chaura incident in 1922. Gandhiji said that people were not ready to protest using non-violent means. The movement did shake the British government as it united the masses. It also established Gandhiji as the leader of the masses.