The term disaster is derived from ______ language. A)Greek B)Arabic C)Japan D)French
Hint: It refers to a romance language of the Indo-European language. It is an official language in 29 countries across multiple continents. This language is also one of six official languages used in the United Nations.
Complete answer: The term disaster came from the French word “Desastre” which is a combination of two words, 'des' which means bad and 'aster' which signifies a star. Thus this term is referred to as 'Bad or Evil star'.
A disaster is defined as a serious disruption that occurs over a short or a long period of time which causes a widespread loss of humanity, material, economy and environment which exceeds the ability of the affected community due to which it takes them years to return back to its previous civilian and way of living. It disrupts society's scope to cope by using its own resources.
It does not matter what society disasters occur in the end to promote change in government and social life and the policies followed in the region. They affect the culture and living of the people in the affected area. They may have such a severe impact that might alter the course of history by broadly affecting the entire population. It exposes the mismanagement or corruption present in the place regardless of how tightly information is controlled by society.
Thus the correct answer is option ‘D’
Note: Disasters are mainly divided into natural and man-made disasters. There are no specific reasons for these sudden mishap pennings but developing countries are more susceptible to them.