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The radius of the circle is 15 cm and the length of one of the chords is 18cm. Find the distance of the chord from the centre.

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Draw a perpendicular from the center to the chord of the circle and use the property of the circle that says a perpendicular drawn from the centre of the circle to the chord bisects the chord.

Complete step-by-step answer:
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Let AB=18cm is the chord of the circle as given in the question
And OB=15cm is the radius of the circle.
Let OM be a perpendicular drawn from the centre of the circle to the chord.
Let OM=x cm
Since the perpendicular drawn on a chord from the centre of the circle bisects the chord (property of a circle)
$ \Rightarrow $ MB=9cm
Thus in the right angled triangle OMB,
Using Pythagoras theorem we get,
$O{B^2} = O{M^2} + M{B^2}$
$ \Rightarrow {(15)^2} = {x^2} + {(9)^2}$
$ \Rightarrow 225 = {x^2} + 81$
$ \Rightarrow {x^2} = 144$
$ \Rightarrow x = 12cm$
Thus the distance of the chord from the center of the circle is 12cm.

Note: It is very important in such questions to realize that we have to draw a perpendicular from the centre to the chord or else the property will not be applicable.

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No right angled triangle is formed in such a case and hence is difficult to solve the question.