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The name of the National Highway No.2 is _________________________.
A. Grand trunk road
B. Agra – Mumbai road
C. Mathura road
D. Delhi – Kolkata road
E. None of these

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Last updated date: 25th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: National highways of India are a network of trunk roads under the ministry of road transport and highways. The old national highway no. 2 is currently the national highway 19 of India and is a major national highway. It contains a major portion of the grand trunk road, old national highway (NH) 91 and old NH 1.

Complete Answer:
The national highways are constructed and managed by the National highway authority of India (NHAI), the National Highways and infrastructure development corporation (NHIDCL) and the Public work department (PWD) of state governments. India has 142,126 km of national highways (as of April 2019) and consists of around 2.7% of India’s total road network and 40% of the total road traffic and there are over 200 national highways in India.

1. Grand trunk road –At present the GT or grand trunk road extends from Amritsar to Kolkata and is bifurcated into 2 segments, i.e. National Highway (NH)-1 from Delhi to Amritsar, and NH- 2 from Delhi to Kolkata.
2. Agra – Mumbai road – this is NH – 3 which connects Agra, Gwalior, Indore, Dhule, Nashik and Mumbai.
3. Mathura road – the NH – 2 enters Uttar Pradesh from Haryana in Mathura district and a part of it is known as Mathura road.
4. Delhi – Kolkata road – The national highway no.2 is now the national highway 19 of India and is a major national highway passing or connecting the state of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Now, as per the explanations above we can see that the correct solution would be option (D), i.e. the Delhi – Kolkata road.

Note: The longest national highway in India is NH – 44 running from Srinagar in the north to Kanyakumari in the South. The shortest national highway is NH 47A connecting Kundanoor Junction of Maradu in Kochi city to the Kochi port at Willingdon Island. During the British era the Grand Trunk (GT) road connected Calcutta and Peshawar.