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The most important feature of the Government of India Act 1935 was_____.
A. Proposed All India Federation
B. Bicameral Legislature
C. Provincial Autonomy
D. Communal representation

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The Government of India Act 1935 was passed by the British parliament. It was the longest act enacted and passed by the British parliament to run British India. Several reforms and changes were brought under this act through the reports submitted by the Simon Commission. The earth was divided into separate and namely the Government of Burma act 1935 and the Government of India Act 1935.

Complete answer: The Government of India Act 1935 was passed by the British parliament and came into effect in 1937. The act proposed constitutional proposals and reforms and had the following features which included the bicameral legislature, provincial autonomy, separate communal electorate and the creation of an all India federation.
-Important feature of the Government of India Act 1935 was the bicameral legislature. Under this, the two houses were the federal assembly which was the lower house and the council of states which was the upper house. Assembly had the term of five years and both the houses had representatives from the princely states. The separate electorate is also reserved for minority communities such as women and depressed classes. The system was also introduced in the provinces like Bengal, Bombay, Assam and United provinces etc.
-Another feature of this act was the provincial autonomy which gave more autonomy to the provinces. The dynasty was abolished at the provincial levels and now governors were appointed as the head of the executive. However, the legislature could also remove the ministers but the governor still had special reserve powers and the British government could suspend a provincial government.
-Communal representation was included in the Act by introducing the system of state communal electorate. Through the system, the British wanted to ensure that the Congress party could never rule on its own as a separate electorate was a measure to divide people in the country.
-All India federation was also introduced as this federation was to consist of British India and the princely states. The provinces were at freedom to join the federation.
Therefore, option B is correct.

Note: The Government of India Act 1935 was later adopted in the constitution of India after independence. According to the Act India would become a federation only if 50% of Indian states decided to join it. Because only after a large number of representatives in the two houses of the Central legislature could it be possible. However, the provisions regarding the federation were not implemented and during that time the act did not make any reference to granting Dominion status to India.