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The minimum number of judges to take a seat on the Constitutional Bench or on Bench which provides its advisory opinion on the reference by the President must be____.
(A) One half of the total strength of the supreme court
(B) Seven
(C) Three
(D) One-third of the total strength of the court

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Last updated date: 18th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The minimum number of judges to sit down on the Constitutional Bench or on Bench which supplies its advisory opinion on the reference by the President must be one half the overall strength of the Supreme Court.

Complete answer:
Court's advisory jurisdiction is also sought by the President under Article 143 of the Constitution. This procedure is termed as "Presidential Reference" and is recognized because of the 'Advisory jurisdiction' of the Court. In the last quite sixty years, only one or two references have been made.
 The Supreme Court can refuse to produce its advisory opinion if it's satisfied that the questions are either socioeconomic or political. The minimum number of judges to sit down on the Constitutional Bench or on Bench which supplies its advisory opinion on the reference by the President must be one-half the overall strength of the Supreme Court.
 A constitution bench consists of at least five or more judges of the court which is ready to decide on substantial questions of law concerning the interpretation of the constitution in an exceeding case.

Hence the correct answer is that the (A).

Note:Constitution bench is that the name given to the benches of the Supreme Court of India which contains a minimum of five judges of the court which sit to decide on any case “involving a considerable question of law on the interpretation” of the Constitution of India or "for the aim of hearing any reference" made by the President of India under Article 143.