Hint: Carbon is a chemical element with the symbol C and atomic number 6. It is a non-metallic and tetravalent-making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table.
Complete step by step answer:
-Many things in science are named in latin because that was considered the language that highly learned people would use.
-Therefore, some elements have multiple names and in some situations, the formal name and the name used for the abbreviations are different.
-Carbon gets its name from the latin word “carbo” meaning charcoal or coal and its word origin can be traced to ancient times.
-It is the chemical make-up of all known life on earth. It is present in all known life forms. It is also the second most abundant chemical in the human body.
-As an allotrope, carbon is stable in its various multi-atomic states although each state has a different molecular configuration such as carbon-14 that is used to determine the age of antiquities.
-It exists in both organic, meaning living and non-organic compounds. In its organic form it can be found in coal, peat, oil and methane.
-Inorganic carbon can be found in limestone and carbon dioxide.
Note: Diamond, one carbon configuration is the hardest substance on earth and Graphite, another carbon configuration is extremely soft and pliable. Almost all forms are solid under normal conditions while also being the most thermodynamically stable.