Hint: Sugarcane industry is regarded as Agro-based Industry. It is considered a Kharif crop that requires a hot and humid climate and requires soil that can retain moisture. Sugarcane is cultivated in three division belts which are The Sutlej Ganga Plain, The Black soil belt as well as Coastal Andhra and Krishna valley.
Complete step by step answer:
Sugarcane impacts the rule livelihood in India as it is considered an important agro-based industry.
There are three division belts in the cultivation of sugarcane :
The first division is Sutlej Ganga Plain which stretches from Punjab to Bihar which consists of fifty-one percent of the total area of India and production is over sixty percent The second division is the Black soil belt which stretches from Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu along with western ghats slopes. The third division is coastal Andhra and Krishna valley. According to data presented by the Minister of Agriculture to Lok Sabha, Maharashtra, Karnataka has produced over 111 million tonnes of sugar which is 79 percent of total production in the last five years. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra together contribute to around 66 percent of sugar production. Gujarat ranks four and Tamil Nadu ranks fifth when it comes to sugar-producing states. Uttar Pradesh is considered the second state with the highest sugar mills. It has 155 mills whereas Maharashtra is considered the first state which had the highest sugar mills. It has 195 mills. Uttar Pradesh has the largest cane area of about 50 percent in the country, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Haryana, and Punjab.
So, the correct answer is Option B.
Note: The largest number of sugar mills in India is the state of Maharashtra which has 195 mills. Uttar Pradesh ranks second when it comes to sugar mills with 155 mills even though it has the largest cane area in India 50 percent.