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The land under cultivation is getting reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?

Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Hint: The annual growth of the population is being increased by 1.1%. The reason behind speedy growth of population is due to high birth rate, low death rate. The other factor may be considered as illiteracy rate, improvement of medical facilities.

Complete answer :
The utilization of land depends upon the physical factors like topography, soil, and climate as well as human factors such as density of population, duration of occupation of land, land tenure and technical level of people. Agricultural production largely depends upon cultivable land. Several reasons for the reduction of cultivable land are land put to non agricultural use, barren and uncultivable land,the area put to non agricultural uses include area occupied by villages, towns, roads etc. The barren land covers all the uncultivable land in mountains, hill slopes and desert. The reduction of cultivable land will lead to scarcity of food production, poverty. It will become more difficult to produce the amount of food needed to feed the growing human populations. Other subsequent consequences can be or may be a hike in price of a food product, hence making it difficult for the poor to purchase it.

To decrease the consequences of reduced cultivable land, there are various alternate methods through which we can overcome the situation. They are crop rotation, double cropping , crop combination, use of fertilisers, biocides, manure, using good quality of seed, terrace farming and mechanised agriculture.