The globe and the earth are different in _____. A) Shape B) Size C) Continents and oceans D) None of these
Hint: A globe is a model of the earth, other celestial bodies or the celestial sphere. The globe of the earth is known as a terrestrial globe.
Complete answer: A globe serves the same purpose as that of a map. But a globe is in the correct shape and the landmasses do not get distorted as it happens in the case of maps. A terrestrial map contains all landmasses i.e. continents and water bodies i.e. oceans and seas. Some more realistic globes even have raised relief or elevation to represent mountains and plateaus. Some other globes which are commonly used in schools are those which have nations, major cities and the network of longitudes and latitudes marked on it.
The circumference of the earth is around 40 million meters, whereas a globe is miniature earth of around 1 meter in circumference. The surface of globes often has depressions and elevations to show the topography or the bathymetry of the earth. Though the distance of places on the is correctly scaled with the real earth, the height of mountains and depth of oceans is not correctly indicated. This is because if we were to use the correct ratios for height and depth of landforms, it would be almost smooth and not very visible on such a small-sized earth.
Thus, the correct answer is Option (B) Size
Note: Another important kind of globe is that of the celestial sphere. The celestial globes are models that indicate the apparent position of stars and other heavenly bodies in the sky. The oldest celestial globe that has survived to date was made by Heliodorus in the 2nd Century, and the oldest surviving terrestrial globe was made by Martin Behaim in 1492.