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The first hydroelectricity project on river Kaveri is _ _ _ _ _ _
A. Mahanadi
B. Krishna
C. Kosi
D. Shivanasamudra

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Hint: Kaveri is a river in India that flows through the Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states. In the Western Ghats, Kodagu district of the state of Karnataka, the Kaveri river rises at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri range. It is the third-largest river in South India after Godavari and Krishna, and the largest in the State of Tamil Nadu, which divides the state into North and South on its course.

Complete Answer:
- In the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka State, India, Shivanasamudra Falls is a waterfall. It is located along the Kaveri River, which forms the border between the district of Chamarajanagar and the district of Mandya.
- Barachukki Falls in the district of Kollegal Taluk Chamarajanagar and Gaganachukki Falls in the district of Malavalli Taluk Mandya, and is the site of one of the first hydro-electric power stations in Asia, built-in 1902. Diwan Sheshadri Iyer designed the project.
- After the river has made its way through the rocks and ravines of the Deccan Plateau and falls off to form waterfalls, the Shivanasamudra Falls are on the Kaveri River.
- Shivanasamudra, the island city, splits the river into twin waterfalls. In the course of the channel, this produces the fourth largest island. A group of ancient temples is situated here and a village was possibly there.

Hence the correct answer is option D(Shivanasamudra).

Note: One may feel a 'flash' of lightning or a rapid 'rush of electricity' through one's body while the falls are in full flow. Maj. A.J. De Lotebiniere witnessed this during one of his trips, which gave rise to the concept of harnessing electricity. Thus, the state and Asia's first hydroelectric power station came into being. On June 30, 1902, the first hydroelectric power plant became operational and Donald Robertson, then resident general of Mysore state, launched the 700 KW hydroelectricity.