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The chairperson of the Municipal Corporation is the__
A.Sarpanch
B.Block Head
C.Municipal Chairperson
D.Mayor

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
Total views: 373.8k
Views today: 8.73k
Answer
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Hint: The 74 th amendment act laid down the types of urban local governments and their respective activities. Now let us discuss this issue in greater detail.

Complete answer:
 India, like we know, is a democratic country and its roots are embedded deep into the local bodies. To make federalism reach to the grassroots level, local bodies were constituted, plus the growing population and urbanization in India led to emergence of the need of a local governing body which could work for providing necessary community services like health care, education, housing, transport etc. This is mainly done by collecting taxes and grants from the State Government.

Now these local bodies did not come into existence so easily. Infact, several committees were constituted to look into the issue of local bodies. For example, JVP committee, Balwant Rai Mehta committee etc were formed and presented their reports in front of the government. And finally ashok mehta committee’s report recommendations were accepted.

In most states and territories of India, the role of Mayor is mainly nominal as executive powers are majorly given to the Municipal Commissioners. The Municipal Corporation Act was amended in 1888 and according to this, a Deputy Mayor is appointed by the Mayor. The tenure of the Mayor and Deputy Mayor is of five years. Because this body is constituted for the people itself, therefore, in seven states of India, Mayors are directly elected by the people and thus hold the executive powers of the municipal corporations.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D).

Note: Mayor holds a status of first citizen of the city. Each municipal area is further divided into territorial constituencies which are known as wards which is calculated according to the population of the city.