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How was the taxation policy responsible for the French revolution?

Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
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Hint: Actually, the French Revolution refers to the time from the Estates General of 1789 to the establishment of the French Consulate in November 1799. Many of its ideals are considered to be foundational of Western liberal democracy.

Complete answer:
The French government levied taxes to cover the costs of an army, a judiciary, government departments, and universities. Only the third estate, which includes – was subjected to the taxes. Large businessmen, retailers, judges, attorneys, and others, The Third Estate included peasants and artisans, small peasants, landless labour, and servants.

Tithes were a government-imposed tax on peasants that accounted for one-tenth of total agricultural production. Taille was a form of direct tax that all members of the third estate were required to pay. They were also subjected to a number of indirect taxes. The members of the third estate's lives were made more difficult as a result of this. Many of these tax measures contributed to the French Revolution.

Only the members of the third estate paid taxes to the state, which was one of the many reasons for the revolution. Members of the first and second estates were excluded from paying any king's taxes. The Church, too, received tithes from the peasants, and eventually, all members of the third estate were required to pay state taxes. These included a direct tax known as taille, as well as a host of indirect taxes imposed on daily items including salt and tobacco. The cost of funding state activities by taxation was solely borne by the third estate.

So these are the taxation policies responsible for the French Revolution.

Note: The Catholic churches were to blame for the French Revolution: they granted the clergy the status of First Estate of Realm and made them the largest landowners in the country, allowing them to manage all of the properties and collect huge sums (taxes) from the French tenants.