Answer

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**Hint:**We know that supplementary of any angle is the subtraction of that angle from ${{180}^{\circ }}$. So, in this problem we have given an angle of ${{40}^{\circ }}$so its supplementary angle is calculated by subtracting ${{40}^{\circ }}$from ${{180}^{\circ }}$. The result of this subtraction is the supplementary angle that we are looking for.

**Complete step by step answer:**

In the above problem, we are asked to find the supplementary angle of ${{40}^{\circ }}$.

The supplementary angle of any angle is equal to the subtraction of that angle from ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

Let us assume angle $\theta $ is the angle with respect to which we have to find the supplementary angle and the supplementary angle be $\alpha $.

In the below diagram, we have shown a straight line along with the angle $\theta $ and angle $\alpha $.

As you can see that $\theta \And \alpha $ are forming the linear pairs so the summation of both these angles is equal to ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

Adding $\theta \And \alpha $ and equating it to ${{180}^{\circ }}$ we get,

$\begin{align}

& \theta +\alpha ={{180}^{\circ }} \\

& \Rightarrow \alpha ={{180}^{\circ }}-\theta ......Eq.(1) \\

\end{align}$

Now, we have assumed that $\alpha $ is the supplementary angle of $\theta $.

In the above question, we are asked to find the supplementary angle of ${{40}^{\circ }}$ so from the above description of supplementary angle, $\theta ={{40}^{\circ }}$ so substituting this value of $\theta $ in eq. (1) we will get the value of supplementary angle corresponding to ${{40}^{\circ }}$.

$\begin{align}

& \alpha ={{180}^{\circ }}-\theta \\

& \Rightarrow \alpha ={{180}^{\circ }}-{{40}^{\circ }} \\

& \Rightarrow \alpha ={{140}^{\circ }} \\

\end{align}$

**Hence, we have found the supplementary angle of ${{40}^{\circ }}$ as ${{140}^{\circ }}$.**

**Note:**You can cross check the value of supplementary angle of ${{40}^{\circ }}$ that we have calculated above by using the relation that sum of the angle and its supplement is ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

The angle is ${{40}^{\circ }}$ and its supplementary that we have calculated above is ${{140}^{\circ }}$. Now, the addition of these two angles must be equal to ${{180}^{\circ }}$.

${{40}^{\circ }}+{{140}^{\circ }}={{180}^{\circ }}$

Adding the left hand side of the above equation we get,

${{180}^{\circ }}={{180}^{\circ }}$

As you can see that L.H.S = R.H.S so the supplementary angle that we have calculated above is correct.

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