An economic activity that is concerned with the extraction of minerals, production of goods, or the provision of services refers to an Industry. Thus we have many industries which are concerned with various things.
Complete step by step solution:
On the basis of raw materials, size, and ownership, industries can be classified into various categories. Industries may be mineral-based, agro-based, forest-based, and marine-based depending on the type of raw materials they use. The industries that use plant and animal-based products as their raw materials are Agro-based industries. Examples of agro-based industries are vegetable oil, food processing, dairy products, cotton textile, and leather industries. Primary industries that use mineral ores as their raw materials are Mineral-based industries. This is the basic industry; products of this industry are used by all other industries. Iron is the product of mineral-based industry which is used as a raw material for the manufacture of a number of other products, such as building materials, heavy machinery, and railway coaches. Industries that use products from the sea and oceans as raw materials are Marine-based industries. Industries processing manufacturing fish oil or seafood are some examples. Industries that use forest produce as raw materials are Forest-based industries. The industries associated with forests are pulp and pharmaceuticals, paper, buildings, and furniture.
The Sugar industry is an agro-based industry and also a large-scale industry. The sugar industries are located in South Gujarat and the main centres are Surat and Navsari, others are in Kodinar in Junagadh district of Gujarat.
Thus, option (C) is correct.
According to size, industries can be classified as Small-scale and Large-scale industries. The amount of capital invested, the volume of production and a number of people employed determines the size of the industry. Industries can also be classified into the private sector, state-owned or public sector, cooperative sector, and joint sector on the basis of ownership.