# Show that the points $\left( -2,3 \right),\left( 8,3 \right)$ and $\left( 6,7 \right)$

are the vertices of a right triangle.

Answer

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Hint: Use the basic rule of Pythagoras theorem to prove it.

Let us roughly draw a triangle with the given vertices:

Now, let us calculate distances between the points of triangle:

As we have the distance formula for two vertices in $2-D$ as

If two points $X\left( {{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)\And Y\left( {{x}_{2}}{{y}_{2}} \right)$ are given

then

$xy=\sqrt{{{\left( {{x}_{1}}-{{x}_{2}} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( {{y}_{1}}-{{y}_{2}} \right)}^{2}}}$

By using above formula now let’s calculate $AB,BC,AC:$

$AB=\sqrt{{{\left( -2-6 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 3-7 \right)}^{2}}}\text{ }\left( \text{as }A=\left( -

2,3 \right)B=\left( 6,7 \right) \right)$

\[\begin{align}

& AB=\sqrt{64+16} \\

& AB=\sqrt{80}=\sqrt{4\times 4\times 5}.................\left( 1 \right) \\

& AB=4\sqrt{5} \\

\end{align}\]

Now, Let’s calculate $BC\text{ }\left( \text{as }B=\left( 6,7 \right)C=\left( 8,3 \right) \right)$

\[\begin{align}

& BC=\sqrt{{{\left( 6-8 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 7-3 \right)}^{2}}} \\

& BC=\sqrt{4+16} \\

& BC=\sqrt{20}=\sqrt{2\times 2\times 5}................\left( 2 \right) \\

& BC=2\sqrt{5} \\

\end{align}\]

Now,

$\begin{align}

& AC=\sqrt{{{\left( -2-8 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 3-3 \right)}^{2}}} \\

& AC=\sqrt{100}=10...........\left( 3 \right) \\

\end{align}$

Hence we can observe that $AC$ has the highest length in $AB,BC\And AC$ .

Therefore if $ABC$ will represent a right angle triangle then it will show or follow Pythagoras

property and $AC$ will be the Hypotenuse length.

As Pythagoras property can be expressed as following:

$x{{y}^{2}}+y{{z}^{2}}=x{{z}^{2}}$

Where $xz$ is Hypotenuse and biggest in length among the three sides.

Hence, if $ABC$ will represent right angle triangle then:

It will follow

\[\begin{align}

& A{{B}^{2}}+B{{C}^{2}}=A{{C}^{2}} \\

& {{\left( 4\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}={{\left( 10

\right)}^{2}}=100 \\

\end{align}\]

Let LHS (Left Hand Side):

$\begin{align}

& {{\left( 4\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}=80+20 \\

& =100=RHS \\

\end{align}$

Hence, It is proved that $ABC$ is a right angled triangle at $B$ with $AC$ as Hypotenuse.

Note: In straight line we learn concept of calculating slope of a line and property of

perpendicular lines as well which is “If two lines are perpendicular then; $Slope\left( Line1

\right)\times Slope\left(Line2 \right)=-1.........\left( 1 \right)$

As right angle triangle will have 3 lines and all have slope, and if two of them will follow

equation $\left( 1 \right)$ then the triangle will be a right angled triangle. This proving is

more advanced than the provided solution.

We have formula of slope as

$m=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}$ with a line of two points given as $\left(

{{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)\And \left( {{x}_{2}}{{y}_{2}} \right)$ .

Now in given triangle

\[\begin{align}

& {{m}_{AB}}=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}=\dfrac{3-7}{-2-6}=\dfrac{-4}{-

8}=\dfrac{1}{2} \\

& {{m}_{BC}}=\dfrac{7-3}{6-8}=\dfrac{-4}{2}=-2 \\

& \text{As }{{\text{m}}_{AB}}\times {{m}_{BC}}=-1 \\

\end{align}\]

Hence, $ABC$ have $B$ angle as $90{}^\circ $.

Therefore $ABC$is a right angle triangle.

We can calculate angle between the lines by using formula

$\tan \theta =\left| \dfrac{{{m}_{1}}-{{m}_{2}}}{1+{{m}_{1}}{{m}_{2}}} \right|$ where

${{m}_{1}}\And {{m}_{2}}$ are slopes of two lines between which we need to find angle and

slopes can be calculated by formula $m=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}$ .

Hence; this can be the angel approach as well but it may be lengthy than the above two discussed problems.

Let us roughly draw a triangle with the given vertices:

Now, let us calculate distances between the points of triangle:

As we have the distance formula for two vertices in $2-D$ as

If two points $X\left( {{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)\And Y\left( {{x}_{2}}{{y}_{2}} \right)$ are given

then

$xy=\sqrt{{{\left( {{x}_{1}}-{{x}_{2}} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( {{y}_{1}}-{{y}_{2}} \right)}^{2}}}$

By using above formula now let’s calculate $AB,BC,AC:$

$AB=\sqrt{{{\left( -2-6 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 3-7 \right)}^{2}}}\text{ }\left( \text{as }A=\left( -

2,3 \right)B=\left( 6,7 \right) \right)$

\[\begin{align}

& AB=\sqrt{64+16} \\

& AB=\sqrt{80}=\sqrt{4\times 4\times 5}.................\left( 1 \right) \\

& AB=4\sqrt{5} \\

\end{align}\]

Now, Let’s calculate $BC\text{ }\left( \text{as }B=\left( 6,7 \right)C=\left( 8,3 \right) \right)$

\[\begin{align}

& BC=\sqrt{{{\left( 6-8 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 7-3 \right)}^{2}}} \\

& BC=\sqrt{4+16} \\

& BC=\sqrt{20}=\sqrt{2\times 2\times 5}................\left( 2 \right) \\

& BC=2\sqrt{5} \\

\end{align}\]

Now,

$\begin{align}

& AC=\sqrt{{{\left( -2-8 \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 3-3 \right)}^{2}}} \\

& AC=\sqrt{100}=10...........\left( 3 \right) \\

\end{align}$

Hence we can observe that $AC$ has the highest length in $AB,BC\And AC$ .

Therefore if $ABC$ will represent a right angle triangle then it will show or follow Pythagoras

property and $AC$ will be the Hypotenuse length.

As Pythagoras property can be expressed as following:

$x{{y}^{2}}+y{{z}^{2}}=x{{z}^{2}}$

Where $xz$ is Hypotenuse and biggest in length among the three sides.

Hence, if $ABC$ will represent right angle triangle then:

It will follow

\[\begin{align}

& A{{B}^{2}}+B{{C}^{2}}=A{{C}^{2}} \\

& {{\left( 4\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}={{\left( 10

\right)}^{2}}=100 \\

\end{align}\]

Let LHS (Left Hand Side):

$\begin{align}

& {{\left( 4\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2\sqrt{5} \right)}^{2}}=80+20 \\

& =100=RHS \\

\end{align}$

Hence, It is proved that $ABC$ is a right angled triangle at $B$ with $AC$ as Hypotenuse.

Note: In straight line we learn concept of calculating slope of a line and property of

perpendicular lines as well which is “If two lines are perpendicular then; $Slope\left( Line1

\right)\times Slope\left(Line2 \right)=-1.........\left( 1 \right)$

As right angle triangle will have 3 lines and all have slope, and if two of them will follow

equation $\left( 1 \right)$ then the triangle will be a right angled triangle. This proving is

more advanced than the provided solution.

We have formula of slope as

$m=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}$ with a line of two points given as $\left(

{{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)\And \left( {{x}_{2}}{{y}_{2}} \right)$ .

Now in given triangle

\[\begin{align}

& {{m}_{AB}}=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}=\dfrac{3-7}{-2-6}=\dfrac{-4}{-

8}=\dfrac{1}{2} \\

& {{m}_{BC}}=\dfrac{7-3}{6-8}=\dfrac{-4}{2}=-2 \\

& \text{As }{{\text{m}}_{AB}}\times {{m}_{BC}}=-1 \\

\end{align}\]

Hence, $ABC$ have $B$ angle as $90{}^\circ $.

Therefore $ABC$is a right angle triangle.

We can calculate angle between the lines by using formula

$\tan \theta =\left| \dfrac{{{m}_{1}}-{{m}_{2}}}{1+{{m}_{1}}{{m}_{2}}} \right|$ where

${{m}_{1}}\And {{m}_{2}}$ are slopes of two lines between which we need to find angle and

slopes can be calculated by formula $m=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}$ .

Hence; this can be the angel approach as well but it may be lengthy than the above two discussed problems.

Last updated date: 17th Sep 2023

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