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Rio de Janeiro Earth summit, 1992 aims at _______.
   (A) Achieving global sustainable development
   (B) Increasing global food production
   (C) Encouraging free trade
   (D) Identification of resources in developing Countries

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Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The Earth summit- the Limited Nations Conference on Environment and Development June 3- 14 produced Agenda 21, a blueprint to rethink about economic growth, to achieve social equity and to ensure Environmental protection.

Complete step by step Answer The first global gathering on sustainability was the 1992 Earth summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rio de Janeiro Earth summit, 1992 aims at achieving global sustainable development. 172 governments participate in this summit, with 116 sending their heads of state or government. 2,400 representatives of non-governmental organisations attended.

The Issues Addressed included –
(1): Systematic scrutiny of patterns of production- particularly production of toxic components, such as lead in gasoline or poisonous waste including radioactive chemicals.
(2): New reliance on the public transportation system in order to reduce vehicle emission.
(3): Alternative sources of energy to replace the use of fossil fuels.

Major Principles of Earth summit, 1992
(1): The Right to development
(2): Environmental protection in the Development process
(3): Eradication of Poverty
(4): Priority for the least Developed
(5): State cooperation to protect Ecosystem
(6): Capacity building for Sustainable development
(7): Supportive and open International Economic system

Result
(1): Rio declaration on Environment and Development
(2): Agenda 21 with regards to Sustainable development
(3): Convention on Biological diversity

So, the correct answer is option (A) Rio de Janeiro Earth summit, 1992 aims at achieving global sustainable development

Note: Main focus of this Conference was the state of the global environment and the relationship between economics, science and environment in a political context. Human beings are at the center of concerns for sustainable development.