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Qila Mubarak in Bathinda was originally built of …………………………….
A.Red sandstone
B.Clay bricks
C.White sandstone
D.Wattle and daub

Last updated date: 19th Jun 2024
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Hint:Qila Mubarak is an ancient monument in the heart of the city of Bathinda in Punjab, India. It is regarded as a monument of national significance and is maintained by the Archeological Survey of India. It was in existence from 1100 to 1200 AD and is the oldest extant fort in India.

Complete answer:
In the period 90-110 AD, Qila Mubarak Bathinda was designed by Raja Dab. The ancestor of Vena Pal was Raja Dab. The clay bricks used to build the fort date back to the Kushana period. The fort was built by the King, so that the Huns could not threaten the kingdom of Emperor Kanishka. In later years, the fort underwent a number of modifications by the rulers of the city. Razia Sultana, the first Empress of Delhi, was jailed in Qila Mubarak. Hindu Chronicles of Kashmir described it as the capital of Jaipal, and they state it was captured by Mahmud of Ghazni. Around 1754 Maharaja Ala Singh of the state of Patiala.

The imperial gazette describes a fort with 36 bastions and a height of around 118 ft. It was a remarkable landmark for many miles around.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note:The Indian Archeological Survey is an Indian government agency affiliated with the Ministry of Culture, which is responsible for archeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham, who also became its first Director General.