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What were the provisions of the famous Enabling Act?

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
Total views: 384.9k
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Answer
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Hint:
The act passed on 23 March 1933 in both the Reichstag and the Reichsrat and was signed later that day by President Paul von Hindenburg. The act specified that unless extended by the Reichstag, it was to last four years, which happened twice. The Reichstag enforced the rule, where non-Nazi members were surrounded and threatened by SA and SS members.

Complete answer:
The dictatorship of Hitler began on February 28, 1933, with the decree "for the Protection of the People and the State," which waived all constitutional protection of political, personal, and property rights. While the subsequent elections still did not give the Nazis an outright majority, they were able to persuade the Reichstag to pass an Enabling Act by which, by a vote of 444 to 94, all its legislative powers were transferred to the Reich Cabinet so that the dictatorship was sanctioned.

The provisions of the famous Enabling Act are as follows:
1. The Act created the dictatorship of Hitler in Germany.
2. It gave Hitler all the power, by decree, to sideline Parliament and govern.
3. All political parties and trade unions have been outlawed, with the exception of the Nazi party and its allies.
4. Full control of the economy, media, army, and judiciary has been provided by the State.
5. To regulate and order society in ways that the Nazis desired, special surveillance and security forces were established.

Note:
As a consequence of the act, the government had gained the power under the Act to enact legislation without either parliamentary approval or supervision. Those laws may also deviate from the Constitution (with some exceptions). As an influential player in German politics, the Reichstag was essentially abolished by the Act. Although its existence was covered by the Enabling Act, it reduced the Reichstag to a mere stage for Hitler's speeches for all intentions and purposes.