What is the proportion of Tamilians in the total population of Sri Lanka?
A. 38%
B. 18%
C. 48%

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Hint:According to the census of 2012 about 11.2% are Sri Lankan Tamils of the total population of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan Tamils are also known as Eelam Tamils, Ceylon Tamils and some simply call them as simply Tamils. Currently they constitute a majority in the Northern Province.

Complete answer:
They are members of the Tamil ethnic group native place is to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka. They also live in significant numbers in the Eastern Province but in the rest of the country they are in the minority. About seven tenth population of Sri Lankan Tamils in Sri Lanka live in the Northern and Eastern provinces.
Sri Lankan Tamils which are modern are descendants of the Jaffna Kingdom which was a former kingdom located in the northern part of Sri Lanka. According to the archaeological evidence, from around 2nd century BCE Sri Lankan Tamils are living in Sri Lanka and have a very long history in Sri Lanka.
According to genetic studies they are closely related to the Sinhalese ethnic group in the island, despite the fact that Sri Lankan Tamils are culturally and linguistically distinct from them. Majority population of the Sri Lankan Tamils are Hindus with a significant Christian population.

Therefore, Option D is the correct answer.

Note:During the medieval period in the court of the Jaffna Kingdom Sri Lankan Tamil literature on topics including religion and the sciences flourished.
The Sri Lankan Civil War in the 1980s, it is distinguished by an emphasis on themes relating to the conflict.
The dialects of Sri Lanka Tamil are noted for their archaism and retention of words not in everyday use in Tamil Nadu, India.