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What was the official language of the mughal court ?
(A) Urdu
(B) Hindi
(C) Persion
(D) Arabic

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint - The language and culture of Persia had a deep and strong influence on the Mughal rulers because of their roots behind Persia and continued diplomatic relations. Thus, Persian remained the official language of the Mughal court. This is also because many Persian artists, craftsmen and scholars came to India and settled here during the Mughal period.

Complete answer - The Persians were one of the major ethnic groups that followed the invasion of the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan with the ethnic Turko-Mongol ruling elite of the Mughal Empire. During the Mughal Empire, many ethnic Persian technocrats, bureaucrats, merchants, scientists, architects, teachers, poets, artists, theologians and Sufis migrated and settled in various parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Mughal emperor Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in 1540 and marched with 40 men and his wife and fled to the powerful Safavid Empire in Iran. Shah Tahmasp welcomed the Mughal, and considered him a royal visitor. Here Humayun went sightseeing and was surprised to see Persian artwork, military power and architecture, he saw most of it: the work of Timur Sultan Hussein Bakrah and his ancestor, Princess Gauhar Shad, thus the work of his relatives Was able to be praised. And ancestors at first. He was introduced to the small Persian writers and Kamaldeen Behzad, two of his disciples in the court of Humayun. Humayun was surprised at his work and asked if they would work for him if he were to gain sovereignty of India and they agreed.
Shah Tahmas provided financial support and a large choice of cavalry to recapture his empire. The nobles and soldiers of Persia included Humayun in the reconstruction of South Asia.
The tendency of the Turkish Turani nobility to fade away from the political scene and the Persian nobles improved their position. 1545–1555 AD. Many of the Persians who served Humayun during the period were appointed to important central offices, such as the Diwan, the Wazir, and the Mir-Saman (in charge of the Imperial Palace).
Most of the Persians migrated to South Asia to try and attain high positions in the Mughal Empire. Many belonged to Sunni Persians who felt discriminated against in the Shia Safavid Empire and most Sunnis migrated to the Mughal Empire. There were also rebels and nobles who lost royal favor and migrated to the Mughal Empire. The Mughals also preferred to appoint foreign Muslim officials who had little local interest or were thus loyal to the Mughal emperor.
The most important Shia kingdom in South Asia was established by Persian originals in Khurasan with Persia around 1722 AD, Faizabad whose capital and Sadat Ali Khan as its first Nawab. Awadh or Awadh is also known as Awadh in various British historical texts.
Evidence of Persian historical influence can be seen in its influence on the languages ​​of the Indian subcontinent. In many of these areas, a certain influence has been seen by the Persian not only in literature but also in everyday speech. Balschi (an Iranic language), Pashto (another Iranic language), and Urdu made a strong impact on Persian, but also a relatively strong influence on Indian languages ​​such as Punjabi, Sindhi, Bengali, and Gujarati. In other languages ​​such as Hindi, Odia, Marathi and Rajasthani, there are significant amounts of loan words from Persian.
The official status of Persian was replaced with English in 1835 by the British East India Company. After 1843, Hindustani and English gradually replaced Persian in the Indian subcontinent, as the British subcontinent dominated the British.

So option C is the correct answer.

Note - Qizilbash soldiers and officers settled in the modern-day Mughal Emperor Humayun's return to exile in Safavid Persia and the restoration of the Mughal Empire. Emperor Humayun lost his South Asian territories to the Pashtun nobility, Sher Shah Suri and with Persian assistance, regained them 15 years later in 1555 AD.