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Name the two organelles in a plant cell that contain their genetic material and ribosomes.
a. Mitochondria and Golgi body
b. Endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi body
c. Mitochondria and plastids
d. Golgi body and platelets

Last updated date: 15th Jun 2024
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Hint: Mitochondria and chloroplast have their own DNA and ribosomes. A membrane-bound structure that is found within the cells is known as organelles. These are bound in the mini-layers of double phospholipids.

Complete answer:
Mitochondria are membrane-bound organelles bounded with two different membranes. The main important function of mitochondria is the production of energy, so they are called the powerhouse of the cell.

The type of plastid named as chloroplasts involved a process called photosynthesis.
The plant organelles in a plant cell that contain their genetic material, DNA and ribosomes are mitochondria and plastids.

The Golgi bodies are responsible for modifying, transporting, and packaging proteins and lipids into vesicles.

Hence, the correct answer is, option (C).

Additional information:
Mitochondria are rod-shaped organelles present in all animal and plant cells mainly responsible for power generation. And to convert oxygen and nutrients into ADP (Adenosine triphosphate) mitochondria is essential.

The mitochondria have their own circular DNA that leads to independent reproduction. The membrane-bound organelles are responsible for converting oxygen into nutrients, carbon dioxide, and water. The mitochondrial DNA plays an important role in the study of human evolution.

Also, mitochondrial DNA is used as a tool in forensic science for identifying corpse and other body parts, also implicated in the study of genetic diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes.

Plant cells contain hundreds of Golgi apparatus. The Golgi Apparatus in plant cells are called dictyosomes that contain their genetic material and ribosomes.

Note: The protein builder or protein synthesizer of the plant cells is called Ribosome.
Ribosomes are made up of proteins and nucleic acids that contain their genetic material and ribosomes. The main function of cell organelles is energy production, protein building, and secretions, destroying toxins, and responding to the external organs.
Chloroplast, cell wall, nucleus, nucleolus, plastids, vacuole, mitochondria, ribosomes, rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum, cytosol, lysosome, centriole, vesicle are the organelles present in a plant cell.