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What is the name of the Chinese Parliament?
A. Diet
B. Senate
C. House of Lords
D. National People’s Congress

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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> Chinese Parliament is the highest organ of State power in China.
> The members are elected from 35 electoral units and it is elected for a period of 5 years.

Complete answer:
The National People’s Congress (NPC) is the highest authority of State power in China. According to the law, it is composed of NPC deputies who are elected from 35 electoral units.

These units include
> People’s congresses of provinces and autonomous regions
> Municipalities directly under the central government,
> People’s Liberation Army’s servicemen congress,
> Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s deputy election council,
> Macao Special Administrative Region’s deputy election council and
> The consultation election council of the Taiwan compatriots.

Each congress is elected for a period of five years. Once a year only, the NPC meets in session. A session of the NPC may be called at any time when “more than 20% of the deputies to the NPC propose it” or “the Standing Committee deems it necessary”.

Functions and Powers of the NPC
> To make amends in the Constitution and to supervise its enforcement
> To enact and amend the basic laws governing civil affairs, criminal offences, and other matters
> To appoint, elect to and remove from office members of central State organs
To determine major State issues

Option (A) Diet: It is the name of the Japanese Parliament in English. Thus, it is an incorrect option.

Option (B) Senate: The Senate is a part of the Australian Parliament which also consists of the Queen (represented by the Governor-General) and the House of Representatives. Thus, it is also an incorrect option.

Option (C) House of Lords: The House of Lords is the second chamber of the UK Parliament. Thus, making it an incorrect option.

Therefore the correct answer is D

The power to amend the Constitution is only in the hands of the NPC. Amendments to the Constitution must be proposed by the NPC’s Standing Committee or by more than one-fifth of NPC deputies and must be adopted by a vote greater than two-thirds of the total deputies to the NPC. NPC appoints the President and Vice - President of the People’s Republic of China, the Chairperson, vice-chairpersons, secretary-general and members of its Standing Committee, as well as the director of the National Supervisory Commission.