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Name any two political leaders who fought against caste inequality.
A.Jawaharlal Nehru and dayanand saraswati
B.Bal Gangadhar Tilak and justice Ranade
C.Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
D.None of these

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Last updated date: 23rd Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: Gandhi and Ambedkar ran by dismantling prejudicial practises after reforming the station system. Ambedkar tried to expose the Mahad Satyagraha places open to the Dalits. Gandhi was equally dynamic in this exertion as he took an interest in Temple section creation in Kerala to make sanctuaries available to Dalits.

Complete answer: The caste system of Mahatma Gandhi
In the last years of his life, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's thoughts on the caste system shifted. "He held in the 1920s that every Hindu "must obey the hereditary profession" (varnashrama) and that "intermarriage prohibition" between individuals of various varnas was "necessary for the rapid evolution of the soul.
On casteism, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar:
The Jat-Pat Todak Mandal (Society for the Abolition of the Caste System), a Hindu reformist party, had asked Bhimrao Ambedkar on 12 December 1935 to address their annual conference and talk about the ill-effects of caste in Hindu society. However, when Ambedkar submitted his speech, titled Annihilation of Caste, to the committee, they found some of the contents to be too contentious. Ambedkar was asked that the offending paragraphs be removed. "He replied by saying that even a comma "would not change. Ambedkar self-published the essay when the committee revoked their invitation. It is considered to be one of the most complex and brutal takedowns of the caste system.

Thus, the correct answer is option (C)

Note: In other regions and religions of the Indian subcontinent, such as Nepalese Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Sikhism, caste-based disparities have also been practised. Many reformist Hindu movements, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, and even present-day Indian Buddhism have questioned it.
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