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# Length of y - intercept made by the circle $5{{\text{x}}^2} + 5{{\text{y}}^2} - 2{\text{x + 6y - 8 = 0 is:}}$ ${\text{A}}{\text{.}}\dfrac{{19}}{5}. \\ {\text{B}}{\text{.}}\dfrac{{14}}{5}. \\ {\text{C}}{\text{.}}\dfrac{{11}}{5}. \\ {\text{D}}{\text{.}}\dfrac{9}{5}. \\$  Hint: In this question, the equation of circle is given. To find the y-intercept made by a circle we will first convert the given circle equation into the standard circle equation and then use the formula for y-intercept to the value of y-intercept.

In the question, it is given that:
Equation of circle is $5{{\text{x}}^2} + 5{{\text{y}}^2} - 2{\text{x + 6y - 8 = 0}}$ .
We have to find the y-intercept made by the given circle.
We know that the standard equation of circle is given by:
${{\text{x}}^2} + {{\text{y}}^2} + 2{\text{gx + 2fy + c = 0}}$. (1)
Y-intercept of this circle is given by $2\sqrt {{{\text{f}}^2} - c}$ .
But the equation of the circle given is not in the standard form. So we will first convert this equation in standard form.
$\Rightarrow 5{{\text{x}}^2} + 5{{\text{y}}^2} - 2{\text{x + 6y - 8 = 0}} \\$
On dividing the above equation by 5, we get,
$\Rightarrow {{\text{x}}^2} + {{\text{y}}^2} - \dfrac{2}{5}{\text{x + }}\dfrac{6}{5}{\text{y - }}\dfrac{8}{5}{\text{ = 0}} \\$
So the above equation is the standard equation of a circle.
On comparing the above equation with equation 1, we get:
$2{\text{g = - }}\dfrac{2}{5} \\ \Rightarrow {\text{g = - }}\dfrac{1}{5}. \\ {\text{And}} \\ {\text{2f = }}\dfrac{6}{5}. \\ \Rightarrow {\text{f = }}\dfrac{3}{5},{\text{ and c = - }}\dfrac{8}{5}. \\$
Y-intercept made by circle =$2\sqrt {{{\text{f}}^2} - c}$.
Putting the value of ‘f’ and ‘c’ in the above formula, we get:
Y-intercept made by circle = $2\sqrt {{{\text{f}}^2} - c} = 2\sqrt {{{\left( {\dfrac{3}{5}} \right)}^2} - \left( { - \dfrac{8}{5}} \right)} = 2\sqrt {\dfrac{9}{{25}} + \dfrac{8}{5}} = 2\sqrt {\dfrac{{49}}{{25}}} = 2 \times \dfrac{7}{5} = \dfrac{{14}}{5}.$

Note: In this type of question, the first important thing is to clearly see the question whether it is asking y-intercept or x-intercept. Then convert the given equation into a standard form of equation. You should remember the formula for finding y-intercept. Compare the transformed given equation with the standard equation to get the value of parameters required for computing the y-intercept.
View Notes  Circumference of a Circle  Tangent of a Circle  Equation of A Circle  Secant of a Circle  Sector of a Circle  Area of a Circle  Parts of Circle  Construction of Tangent to a Circle  Circle Definition  