# In the venn diagram , the universal set , $ \xi = P \cup Q \cup R $ .

Which of the four regions labelled A, B, C and D represents the sets $ P \cap Q \cap R $ ?

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**Hint**: In order to solve the given question , we should know the three important concepts related to the question that is Venn diagram , Sets – concept of union and intersection . A venn diagram shows us the relation between or among a finite group of sets . Consider we have 2 sets – X and Y . The Union of these two sets X and Y is any region which includes the elements of either X or Y. The Intersection of these two sets X and Y is any region which includes the elements of both X and Y.

**:**

__Complete step-by-step answer__Let us consider an example similar to the question to understand union and intersection of sets .

Consider the two sets X and Y having their elements as given : $ X = \left\{ {1,3,5} \right\} $ and $ Y = \left\{ {1,2,4,5} \right\} $ .

Union of set is depicted by the symbol ‘ $ \cup $ ’ , which tells the that the two sets which we have taken X and Y is equivalent to the set of elements , which are considered in set X , in set Y or in both the sets X and Y . the union of two sets will be –

$ X \cup Y = \{ 1,2,3,4,5\} $

Intersection of sets is depicted by the symbol ‘ $ \cap $ ’ , which tells them that the two sets which we have taken X and Y are equivalent to the set of elements , which are common to set X and set Y both . The intersection of two sets will be –

$ X \cap Y =\{ 1,5\} $ .

Now you have good knowledge of union and intersection so we can solve similarly the given question .

We have to calculate the intersection of 3 sets $ P \cap Q \cap R $ that means we have to find the region which is common to the regions of these 3 sets P, Q, R .

We can see in the image the following result –

Region A includes only set P .

Region B includes only set P and set R , here Q is missing .

Region D includes only set P and set Q , here R is missing .

Region C represents all the regions with the sets $ P \cap Q \cap R $ .

**Note**: Always try to understand the mathematical statement carefully and keep things distinct .

Remember the properties and apply appropriately .

Try to solve the question using the venn diagram which makes it visual and easy to understand .

Choose the options wisely , it's better to break the question and then solve part by part .

Cross check the answer and always keep the final answer simplified .

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