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If two cubes each of side 12 cm are joined end to end then what will be the surface area of the resulting cuboid?
(a) 1728 $c{{m}^{2}}$
(b) 1440 $c{{m}^{2}}$
(c) 1445 $c{{m}^{2}}$
(d) 1450 $c{{m}^{2}}$

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: We should try to think of this question in 3D as if two cubes are joined from end to end then one side of from each cube will be pressing along each other and hence, we will need to subtract the surface area of those two sides from the surface area of 2 cubes to get the resultant surface area.

Complete step-by-step solution:
If we suppose the length of the each side of the cube as $a\,cm$, then
Total surface area of 1 cube we will get as $6{{a}^{2}}\,c{{m}^{2}}$, hence we get
Total surface area of cube as,
\[\begin{align}
  & =6\times {{(12)}^{2}}\,\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
 & =6\times 144\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
 & =864\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
\end{align}\]
Hence,
Total surface area of 2 cubes we get as,
\[\begin{align}
  & =2\times 864\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
 & =1728\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
\end{align}\]
Now when we combine both the cubes from end to end we will have to subtract the surface area of 2 faces of the cube as we can see in the below figure also to get the resultant surface area
seo images

, so resultant surface area we get as,
\[\begin{align}
  & =1728-(2\times 144)\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
 & =1728-288\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
 & =1440\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
\end{align}\]
Hence surface area of the resulting cuboid will be 1440 $c{{m}^{2}}$ which matches the option (b) hence option (b) is the correct answer.

Note: We can also solve this question by another method in which we can think of the resulting figure as a cuboid and then calculating the length of new length(l), breadth(b) and height(h) of the new cuboid. We will see that new length = a + a = 24 cm, breadth = a = 12 cm and height = a = 12 cm
We can also observe this from the presented diagram.
And we know that surface area of cuboid is given by = $2\times (l\times b+b\times h+h\times l)$
Hence we get resulting surface area of the cuboid as,
$\begin{align}
  & =2\times (24\times 12+12\times 12+12\times 24) \\
 & =2\times (288+144+288) \\
 & =2\times (720) \\
 & =1440\,c{{m}^{2}} \\
\end{align}$
Which is same as the answer found in the previous method.