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# How do you factor $64{x^6} - 1$?

Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Hint: Factorization of any polynomials can be written as the product of its factors having the degree less than or equal to the original polynomial. Here we will use the identity for the difference of two squares, difference of two cubes and the sum of two cubes and will simplify for the resultant required solution.

Complete step-by-step solution:
Take the given expression: $64{x^6} - 1$
Above expression can be re-written as: ${(8{x^3})^2} - {1^2}$
Now using the difference of squares identity: ${a^2} - {b^2} = (a - b)(a + b)$
$\Rightarrow (8{x^3} - 1)(8{x^3} + 1)$
The above equation can be re-written as: $= [{(2x)^3} - {1^3}][{(2x)^3} + {1^3}]$
Now, using the difference of cubes identity which can be given as: ${a^3} - {b^3} = (a - b)({a^2} + ab + {b^2})$and Using the sum of cubes identity which can be given as: ${a^3} + {b^3} = (a + b)({a^2} - ab + {b^2})$
$\Rightarrow [(2x - 1)({(2x)^2} + 2x + 1)][(2x + 1)({(2x)^2} - 2x + 1)]$
Simplify the above equation.
$\Rightarrow [(2x - 1)((4{x^2} + 2x + 1)][(2x + 1)(4{x^2} - 2x + 1)]$
Hence, the required solution –
$\Rightarrow 64{x^6} - 1 = [(2x - 1)(4{x^2} + 2x + 1)][(2x + 1)(4{x^2} - 2x + 1)]$

Additional Information: Constants are the terms with fixed value such as the numbers it can be positive or negative whereas the variables are terms which are denoted by small alphabets such as x, y, z, a, b, etc. Be careful while moving any term from one side to another. Do not be confused in square and square-root and similarly cubes and cube-root, know the concepts properly and apply accordingly.

Note: Know the concepts of squares and cubes. Square is the number multiplied itself and cube it the number multiplied thrice. Square is the product of same number twice such as ${n^2} = n \times n$ for Example square of $2$ is ${2^2} = 2 \times 2$ simplified form of squared number is ${2^2} = 2 \times 2 = 4$. Cube is the product of same number three times such as ${n^3} = n \times n \times n$ for Example cube of $2$ is ${2^3} = 2 \times 2 \times 2$ simplified form of cubed number is ${2^3} = 2 \times 2 \times 2 = 8$.