Hint: Mao Zedong was the founder of the People’s Republic of China(PRC). He was also the Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao Zedong was a Marxist-Leninist and his political, military strategies and theories came to be known as ‘Maoism’.
Complete answer: Mao died in 1976. He was one of the most prominent figures who led China through a long revolution. He along with Joseph Stalin was the most important figure during the cold war. On April 27,1959, Mao stepped down from his role as the head of the state. Liu Shaoqi undertook the duties of Mao. During the 1920’s Mao lost faith in the nationalist leaders. He was of the belief that only revolutionary changes could bring freedom to China from the subjugation of the west. Mao was one of the founding members of the Chinese Communist Party. Mao stressed on the fact that revolution would come to China through the peasants and not through urban workers. The Chinese Communist Party was criticized because of its lack of revolutionary zeal and lack of military strategies. In 1949, China came to be known as the People's Republic of China.
Note: Mao was dedicated in his constant battle and opposition towards the West. During the Korean war he sent a large number of troops into North Korea. Although Mao decided to withdraw from the leadership in the 1950’s, in 1960 he resumed his role and led the cultural revolution.Mao’s three goals were: a) national unity b) social and economic change and c) freedom from foreign interference.