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Heavy water project (Talcher) and Fertilizer plant (Paradeep) are famous industries of ____________
A. Orissa
B. Tamil Nadu
C. Andhra Pradesh
D. Kerala

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Paradeep also spelled Paradip (originally Paradweep), is a chief harbor city and a metropolis in Jagatsinghpur district. Talcher also called the City of Black Diamond or Coal City of a certain state is one of the quickest budding manufacturing and coal hubs in the state.

Complete step-by-step solution:
Heavy Water Plant at Talcher retains the ammonia-hydrogen substitute procedure. The plant is situated at a distance of 150 km from Bhubaneswar. The work on this plant was done in October 1972, and it was authorized in March 1985. Management of the plant was adjourned in August 1994 owing to substandard maneuver of the plant of the Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd., Talcher. Following the closing of the Heavy Water Plant in Talcher, the plant management was restarted later and an R&D pilot plant has been authorized for the manufacture of di-2-ethyl hexyl phosphoric acid (D2EHPA), an operative metal extractant, used for hydro-metallurgical retrieval and the split-up of numerous metal. The solvent is beneficial for thickening and cleansing the treasured metal emulsions of low-grade complex ores and is, at present, being used by India's nuclear industry at numerous profitable maneuvers for the parting and retrieval of zinc, cobalt, nickel, and lanthanides. Currently, HWP Talcher houses 3 chemical plants: Di-2-ethyl hexyl phosphoric acid (D2EHPA), Tri-Butyl Phosphate (TBP), and B-10 Enrichment Facility

Thus, option (A) is correct.

Note: Paradip is evolving as a key business center with numerous forthcoming steel plants as well as a US dollar 12 billion plant being established by POSCO of South Korea. In adjunct, alumina factories, thermal power plants, and a petrochemical complex are under expansion. Paradip has been recognized for growth as one of the 6 key petroleum, chemicals, and petrochemical venture areas (PCPIRs) in India, along the lines of Pudong in China, Rotterdam in Europe, and Houston in North America. The Paradeep PCPIR has acknowledged a venture ability of US$ $68.84$ billion, spread over 284 sq. km in the zone.