Who is the head of state in the union of India?

Answer
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Hint:He is elected by the Electoral College indirectly. He is also the Commander in Chief of Indian Armed Forces. No one can challenge his decision in any court.

Complete answer:
Shri Ram Nath Kovind, the President is the current Head of State of India. He was elected as President in 2017 after being nominated by BJP, the party which is run by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
King of India was considered as the Head of State from 1947 to 1950 under the Indian Independence Act 1947. The king was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and of the other Dominions of the British Commonwealth. In India the monarch was represented by a Governor-General. Under the Constitution of 1950 India became a republic nation and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a Ceremonial President. The Electoral College is responsible for electing the President indirectly consisting of members from the parliament of India and legislative assemblies of each state and territories. It is elected to serve a five-year term.

Accordingly to the Constitution of India Article no. 53 the President has the right to exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions. But in reality all of the executive powers vested in the president are exercised by the Prime Minister with the help of the Council of Ministers. The president is bound by the obligation as mentioned in the constitution to act on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution.

Note:The main duty of the President is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India which is taken by him in his oath.
The President is the single head common to all of the independent constitutional entities.
There is no ceiling on the actions of the president which can be contested by anyone in the court of law.