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Give reasons.In India agriculture is a primary activity.

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
Total views: 385.5k
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Answer
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Hint: Primary activity includes those occupations which are closely related to man's natural environment. Gatherings, hunting, fishing, lumberings, animal rearing, farming and mining are some of important examples of primary activitiy.As agriculture includes growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers and rearing of livestock it is a primary activity.

Complete answer:
India's large portion is full of highly fertile land. And also India is a country which is densely populated and hence needs food grain production on a large scale.

The monsoon climate of India is a highly favourable climate for farming. That is why agriculture is the main economic activity in India.50 per cent of persons in the world are engaged in agricultural activity and Many of the people are totally dependent on agriculture activities.

In India the population is increasing at a rapid pace and heavy pressure is exerted on agriculture. Agriculture has to provide employment to the large section of the work force and have to feed the teeming millions.we require an additional 12-15 while looking at today's need for food. Moreover, there is rising trend in urbanization

 In developing countries, the primary sector tends to make up a larger portion of the economy. For example, in 2018, agriculture, forestry, and fishing comprised more than 15% of GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa but less than 1% of GDP in North America.Where as number of agricultural workers in developed countries has decreased significantly over the centuries.

 There are Six stages of agriculture
 1.Natural husbandry
 2.The fallow system
 3.Legume rotation
 4.Field-grass husbandry.rotation
 5.Scientific rotation
 6.Specialized intensive

Factors affecting agriculture:
1.Topography of soil and climate.

Note:As the monsoon is uncertain, unreliable and irregular , indian agriculture has totally depended on monsoon since Independence. two-third of the cropped area has to bear the brunt of the vagaries of the monsoons.one-third of the cropped area is provided by perennial irrigation.