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Why is food security essential in a country?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: According to the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security means that all people, at all times have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.

Complete answer:
Food security concerns can be traced back to the famine experience that Bengal had undergone in 1943 during the British rule in India. During this famine, around 2 to 3 million people perished due to starvation. Food security is essential in a country to make sure that food is available to all anytime and also to do away with the problem of starvation. Food security is very essential, especially for those people living below the poverty line to assure them that they have access to food in times of danger and that not only the privileged people have access to food items.Food security is also essential so that during times of natural calamities such as drought, earthquakes, famine, etc when the production of food grain decreases and the leftover stock prices increase, people can be supplied with food. During this shortage of food, when food prices go up, problems of starvation may occur among the people when such a situation stretches over a long period of time.

Note: Food security also implies that the people who produce our food are able to earn a decent living wage growing, catching, producing, processing, transporting, retailing, and serving food. At the core of food security is having access to healthy food and optimal nutrition for all.