No confidence motion is an endorsement or vote which conditions that an individual or a group is not able to hold the position of responsibility (government or managerial), possibly because they are inadequate in some respect. This can be failing to carry out obligations, or decision making that other members feel are unfavourable. After that, a motion from parliament can be taken which validates to the head of state that the elected parliament no longer has confidence into the appointed government.
In India, as per rule 198 of the constitution, ‘the Lok Sabha specifies the procedure for a motion of no-confidence. It states that any member may give a written notice before 10 am in the morning, the Speaker will read the motion of no-confidence in the House and can ask all those favouring this motion to rise. If there are 50 MPs in favour, the Speaker could allot a date for discussing the motion – but this has to be within 10 days. However, this cannot be done in conditions of din or confusion in the House’.
Mostly, this motion is the last step and actually, it is one of the most remarkable procedures. It authenticates the ultimate power of legislative over the executive in the Indian parliament. It usually proceeds like as below:
1. In Lok Sabha, a bill or a motion proposed by Opposition or a Coalition of Opposition is passed with a simple majority.
2. Then to know the strength of Government and MPs, votes review will be done and also understand the reason of bill passed by the opposition.
3. Regardless of the Government MPs all present and voting against the Bill, if the bill gets passed, the signals of the Government not being in majority becomes a reality.
4. Then, if the Opposition or coalition parties wishes to form an administration, they call for a No-Confidence Vote.
5. This No-Confidence Vote occurs in the Lok Sabha and the MPs decides 'Yes' or 'No'. If the 'Ayes' are more, then the Government can collapse instantly.