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When was the Election Commission made a multi-member body?
A. 1975
B. 1983
C. 1989
D. 2009

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Election Commission is an independent body liable for directing Union and State political decision measures in India. It was made a multi-member body in the 1980s after passing an amendment act.

Complete answer:
Election Commission conducts elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the workplaces of the President and Vice President in the nation.
-Article 324 vests "in an Election Commission" the "administration, bearing and control of elections".

Let us review the options and discuss the answer.
Option A. In 1975, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, a national emergency was declared. No amendment regarding the Election Commission took place. Thus, it is an incorrect option.
Options B and D are also incorrect as no significant events took place regarding the Election Commission.
Option C. Parliament authorized The Representation of the People Act, 1950 and The Representation of the People Act, 1951 to characterize and extend the powers of the Commission.
-At first, the commission had just a single election commissioner official yet after the Election Commissioner Amendment Act 1989, it has been made a multi-part body. Thus, it is the correct option.

Additional Information
-The commission comprises one Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. The headquarters of the commission is established in New Delhi.
-The President selects Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. They have similar powers including emoluments, which are equivalent to a Supreme Court judge of India. They have a fixed residency of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is prior. The Chief Election Commissioner can be eliminated from office just through a cycle of expulsion like that of a Supreme Court judge by Parliament.

Therefore, the correct answer is Option C.

Note: - Articles Associated with Election Commission of India-
Article 324 - Superintendence, course, and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
Article 325 – No individual to be ineligible for incorporation in, or to profess to be remembered for an exceptional, constituent move on grounds of religion, race, rank, or sex.
Article 326 – Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be based on the adult testimonial.
Article 327 – Power of Parliament to make arrangements regarding elections to Legislatures.
Article 328 – Power of Legislature of a State to make an arrangement regarding races to such Legislature.
Article 329 – Bar to impedance by courts in electoral issues.