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Egypt is famous for growing
A) Wheat
B) Maize
C) Cotton
D) None of these

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Cotton is a soft, feathery principal fiber that breeds in a boll or protecting cover, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is nearly uncontaminated fiber. Under normal circumstances, the cotton bolls will upsurge the dispersion of the seeds.

Complete answer:
In the initial 19th century, a Frenchman named M. Jumel propositioned to the great monarch of Egypt, Mohamed Ali Pasha, that he could make a considerable profit by cultivating an extra-long chief Maho (Gossypium barbadense) cotton, in Lower Egypt, for the French marketplace. Mohamed Ali Pasha acknowledged the proposal and accorded himself the domination on the sale and exportation of cotton in Egypt, and later said cotton should be cultivated in penchant to other crops. Egypt under Muhammad Ali in the early 19th century had the 5th most fruitful cotton business in the world, in terms of the number of shafts per capita. The business was originally driven by equipment that depended on old-style energy sources, such as animal power, water wheels, and windmills, which were also the primary energy sources in Western Europe up until near 1870. It was under Muhammad Ali in the early 19th century that steam engines were presented to the Egyptian cotton business. By the time of the American Civil war yearly exportations had touched 16 million (120,000 bales), which escalated to 56 million by 1864, mostly due to the loss of the Confederate supply on the world marketplace. Exportations sustained to increase even after the reinstatement of US cotton, supplied now by a remunerated labor force, and Egyptian exportations touched $1.2$million bales a year by 1903.

Thus, option (C) is correct.

The growth of the marketplace class began in 1820 when Jumel's cotton crossed the threshold of profitable manufacture. This was a type of cotton that had been budding in the area for some time, but a French engineer named Jumel comprehended its capacity as a source of fiber when he saw it budding as a decorative in a garden in Cairo. Based on its portrayal, it seems likely it was the newly industrialized long fiber kind of G. barbadense from the New World. Invigorated by the accomplishment of Jumel's cotton, Egyptians tried other seeds, together with Sea Island. The next chief cultivar in Egypt, "early Ashmouni," probably was a cross between Jumel and a sea island. Similarly, the subsequent chief cultivar, "Mit Afifi," probably was a cross between early Ashmount and a sea island. Numerous more cultivars trailed.