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How does the High Court control the power of the Legislature and the Executive?

Last updated date: 22nd Jun 2024
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> It is the highest authority in any state.
> It is responsible for making decisions related to matters at state level.
> Every state has a High Court.

Complete answer:
The High Court is regarded as the highest court in the state of India. According to Article 141 of the Constitution of India all the courts in India are bound by the orders and judgments of the Supreme Court. The judges of the High Court are appointed by the President of India after consulting the advice of the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of State. The head of the High Court is Chief Justice who serves till the age of retirement, i.e. till the age of 62 years and can be removed only by the President of India.

In the Article 214 to 231 the powers and organisation of the High Court is mentioned here. It has the authority to control all the subordinate courts and ask for the details from them regarding any civil, criminal or constitutional cases. It also possesses the power to issue rules and regulations to the subordinate courts. High Courts have the power of judicial review of declaring any law or ordinance in case it is found against the Constitution and also hearing the petitions regarding elections.

Regarding the power of Legislative and the Executive the High Court has the authority of enforcing the fundamental rights and for other matters as well. It has the authority of judicial review over all the legislative and executive acts of the Central and State governments and in case of any default it will be declared void by the High Court.

> The first High Court of India was the Calcutta High Court established in the year 1862.
> In the Indian High Court Act 1861 – three courts were established in Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.
> At present there are 25 High Courts in India.