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Distinguish between Khadar and Bhangar.

Last updated date: 01st Mar 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: The plains of the northern part of India are divided into four parts namely the Bhabar, Tarai, Bhangar and Khadar. These plains of north India are famous for their alluvial soil. Alluvial soil is very fertile soil and this soil is also a good soil for cultivation and agriculture.

Complete Step by Step answer: 
Differences between Bhangar and Khadar are as follows:
The Bhangar belt is the region that comprises old alluvial plains.The Khadar belt is the newly formed plains due to alluvial deposits along the course of the rivers.
These plains represent upland alluvial tracts. Continuous deposition of alluvial soil happens in the plains of Bhangar.This belt consists of new alluvial soil.
The soil of this belt is very rich in humus and gives a high yield because of the rich quantity of minerals and humus in the soil.Soil is renewed every year in the plains of Khadar.
The floodwater is unable to reach this belt of northern plains.In these plains every year the water of the flood, reach and thin the layer of soil.
Less fertile than KhadarMore fertile than Bhangar.
It comprises of calcium carbonate nodules called ‘Kankars’ which are impure in nature.The Khadar land silt comprises of silt, mud, clay, and sand.

Note: The belt of Bhabar is a narrow belt that lies parallel to the Shiwalik range. Rivers deposit pebbles in the belt of Bhabar when they come down flowing from the high mountains. This belt is unsuitable for any agricultural activities. The Bhabar plains are famous for big trees with roots. This belt comprises gravel sediment deposits. The Terai belt is the region which is located south to the Bhabar belt. This belt is suitable for the cultivation and production of wheat, rice, maize and sugarcane etc.
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