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What were the causes of the Second Carnatic war?
A. Death of the Nizam of Hyderabad and Nawab of Arcot
B. The issue of succession to power in Hyderabad and Carnatic
C. The English wanted to establish their sphere of influence
D. All of the above

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Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: During the British rule in India many wars were fought by the Britishers against the Indian states and rulers. These wars were basically aimed at bringing the Indian territories under the control of Britishers and exploit the country in all manners. The wars fought between the Indian state and Britishers are known by the names consisting of the phrase 'Anglo wars'.

Complete answer: The Anglo Carnatic wars have a significant role in the annexation of India under the British rule. These wars led to the emergence of Britain power in India and the native rulers or power became a mere puppet in the hands of the foreign rulers. The Second Carnatic war was fought mainly because of the interference of English East India Company and French immensely in the domestic politics of Carnatic. After the demise of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1748, the throne was contested between Nasir Jung and Muzaffar Jung. This contention led to an opportunity for the Britishers to capture the throne of Carnatic and establish their influence. Also, the throne of Hyderabad was contested between Chanda Sahib and Muzaffar Jung after the death of Nizam. The opportunity was shot by French and the Britishers to establish their authority over the southern part of India, and this became the major reason behind the second Anglo Carnatic war. Thus, all three options are correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option D.

Note: Second Carnatic war led to the emergence of British administration and company as a kingmaker in India. After this war, the British interference and control over the matters of kinetic tremendously increased and the new rulers had to pay huge sums of money and other resources demanded by the British officials as a tribute.