Many attempts were made to manufacture iron and steel in India in the 18th and 19th centuries, but none succeeded. James Erskine organised the Bengal Ironworks in 1870 in an area now known as the new Bang. It was called kendwa karkhana by the locals. The establishment of the first blast-furnace in coal rather than charcoal introduced modern metallurgy was here.
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In 1904, Bengal Iron & Steel Co. turned open top ovens into closed top ovens and constructed steel-making facilities. The steel factory was placed into production, but after two years it was closed due to unpaid operations.
The Western Bengal Iron Company was IISCO Steel Plant, an India Limited steel company based in Asansol in Burnpur. After Tata Iron and Steel Co, it was the second integrated steel plant. These two were the sole stainless-steel plants in the country to be built in Jamshedpur, India and for many years. It has a rich history dating back to 1870, when the first iron production in the region near Kulti, took place by James Erskine. The first blasting stove with coal rather than charcoal was introduced in India at the Kulti factory. Modern metallurgy.
Hence, the correct answer is option A-Kulti.
The open top of blast furnaces was using fresh mineral charcoal. The government departments used iron castings, such as the public works department. The plant was bought and renamed the Iron Works of Barakar by the government in 1881. The newly founded Bengal Iron & Steel Co was taken over in 1889. In 1892 it became managing agents of the Martin & Company.