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Assertion: Maximum tea in India is given in Assam and West Bengal.
Reason: Black soil with heavy rainfall is favourable conditions for tea plantations.
A.If A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
B.If A and R are and R is not the correct explanation of A
C.If A is correct and R is wrong
D.If A is wrong and R is true

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The tea is prepared specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis. The tea is widely grown at or near sea level and is known for its malty flavour, and strong, bright colour. The tea plants generally are grown in the lowlands of Assam, while in Darjeelings and Nilgiri they are generally grown in the highlands. It is cultivated in the valley of the Brahmaputra River, an area of clay soil rich in the nutrients of the floodplain.

Complete answer:
The tea plants are generally grown in a moderately hot and humid climate. The climate is essential for the yield, crop distribution and quality. Tea grows best on well-drained fertile acid soil on the high lands. Tea soils are classified as latosols and stretched along the Western Ghats and run in a north to south direction parallel and close to the west coast of the peninsula. The south Indian tea districts receive the annual rainfall varies from 900 to 7500 mm. In geological origin.
The soils are generally composed of gneissic rocks which and content low calcium, while they are abundant in sesquioxides which results in strong phosphorus fixation and clayey soil, is more suited for the cultivation of tea. So, the maximum production of tea in India is given by Assam and West Bengal.
Hence, the correct answer is C.

Note: The tea plants are evergreen and which grow in the tropical region. It generally takes about 3-5 years for maturation. The state of Assam is the largest tea-growing region of the World by production.