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A two digit number is such that the product of the two digits is $12$. When $36$ added to the number, the digits interchange the places. Then find the number.

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: Approach the solution by applying the conditions to the assumed value.
In a two digit number, let us consider ten’s digit place as $x$ and unit’s digit place as $y$
Therefore two digit number will be = $10x + y$
Given product of the two digits = $12$
$\therefore $$xy = 12$
$ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{12}}{x} \to (1)$
And also added $36$ to the two digit number
$ \Rightarrow 10x + y + 36$
Here after adding $36$ to the two digit number, the digits interchanges the places
$\
   \Rightarrow 10x + y + 36 = 10y + x \\
   \Rightarrow 9x - 9y + 36 = 0 \\
   \Rightarrow x - y + 4 = 0 \to (2) \\
\ $
From $(1)\& (2)$ we get
$\
   \Rightarrow x + 4 = \dfrac{{12}}{x} \\
   \Rightarrow {x^2} + 4x - 12 = 0 \\
   \Rightarrow (x + 6)(x - 2) = 0 \\
\ $
Here $x = - 6$ and $x = 2$ [Based on the given condition and the condition we have $x = - 6$ value is rejected.]
Now on rejecting, x=-6, we have x value as $x = 2$
$\
   \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{12}}{x} \\
   \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{12}}{2} \\
   \Rightarrow y = 6 \\
\ $
Here the required two digit number is $10x + y$
So, on substituting x, y values we get the number as
$ \Rightarrow 10(2) + 6 = 26$
Therefore the required two digit number is $26$.
NOTE: Here we should not ignore the condition of interchanging the places of digits. And here we have to consider the x value based on the conditions given (according to the solution).
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