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A tricolor Swaraj Flag bearing a spinning wheel in the centre was designed by ___________
A.D.R. B.R. Ambedkar
B.Mahatma Gandhi
C.Sardar Patel
D.Rabindranath Tagore

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Last updated date: 14th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The figure is associated with national movements such as the Non-cooperation movement and the Swaraj movement. He also led the Dandi March in the protest of salt taxes levied by the British, on Indians. He promoted the use of khadi.

Complete answer: The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour composed of saffron, white, and green a 24-spoke wheel. The Ashoka Chakra, in navy blue at its middle. During a conference with the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, it was accepted in its present form and became the official flag of the Dominion of India on 15 August 1947. The chakra tries to illustrate that there is life in motion and death in stagnation.

In the time before the Indian independence movement, the rulers of different princely states used a variety of flags with different designs; the concept of a single Indian flag was first brought up by the British rulers of India after the rebellion of 1857, which culminated in the establishment of direct imperial rule. Around this time, through religious practice, patriotic opinion within the realm led to a picture. Ganesha, supported by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Kali, supported by Aurobindo Ghosh and Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, were the icons that were in vogue. The cow, or Gau Mata, was another symbol (cow mother). However, all these symbols were Hindu-centric and did not imply unity with India's Muslim population.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in April 1921, wrote about the need for an Indian flag in his journal 'Young India,' proposing a flag with a charkha or spinning wheel in the middle. Lala Hansraj introduced the concept of the spinning wheel, and Gandhi entrusted Pingali Venkaiah with the spinning wheel on a red and green banner with the task of designing the flag, the red colour signifying Hindus and green for Muslims. Gandhi wanted the flag to be set out at the Congress session of 1921, but it was not delivered on time, and yet another flag was proposed at the session.

Therefore, the correct option is b) Mahatma Gandhi.

Note: The Swaraj flag with the spinning wheel, designed by Pingali Venkayya, was hoisted on 13 April 1923 during a parade by local Congress volunteers in Nagpur commemorating the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. This incident resulted in a confrontation between the members of Congress and the police, after which five people were arrested.