NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 - Components of Food

NCERT Solutions of Class 6 Science Chapter 2, which are available on the official website of Vedantu, are very beneficial to the students of the 6th grade to learn and understand the concept of Science. The students who are approaching the academic examinations at the end of the year can opt this for gaining a good score. Along with them, the students who want to go through the entrance test, competitive examinations, etc. can also choose this as a great platform. Every NCERT Solution is provided to make the study simple and interesting on Vedantu.You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 - Components of food part-1

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 - Components of food

1. Name the Major Nutrients in Our Food.

Ans: The major nutrients in our food are- carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals while some additional are dietary fibres and water as nutrients.


2. Name the Following:

a)  The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

Ans: The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body are Carbohydrates and fats.

b)  The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

Ans: The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body are Proteins and minerals.

c)  A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

Ans: Vitamin A is required for maintaining good eyesight.

d)  A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Ans: Calcium is required for keeping our bones healthy.


3. Name the Two Foods Each Rich in

a)  Fats

Ans: The two foods that are rich in fats are butter and groundnuts.

b)  Starch

Ans: The two foods that are rich in starch are rice and potato.

c)  Dietary fibre

Ans. The two foods that are rich in dietary fibre are whole grains and fresh fruits.

d) Protein

Ans: The two foods that are rich in protein are pulses and fish.


4. Tick (√) the Statements That are Correct.

a)  By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirements of our body.

Ans: No, by eating rice alone, we can not fulfil the nutritional requirements of our body because rice is a good source of carbohydrates but alone rice cannot fulfil all our nutritional requirements.

b)  Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a variety of food items.

Ans: Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a variety of food items. (√)

c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items.

Ans: Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√)

d)  Meat alone is not sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body.

Ans: Meat alone is not sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (√)


5. Fill in the Blanks.

a)  ------ is caused by deficiency of vitamin D.

Ans: Rickets is caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.

b) Deficiency of ------ causes a disease known as beriberi.

Ans: The deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.

c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes disease known as --------.

Ans: The deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as scurvy.

d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ---- in our food.

Ans: Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of vitamin A in our food.


NCERT Solutions of Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Free PDF Download

The availability of Class 6 Science Chapter 2 PDF download on the official website of Vedantu is an excellent advantage to the students. As they can read in their feasible timings with no need for internet connection, it is also used to revise during the time of examinations as well as the several test papers available in the PDF helps to practice well. NCERT Solutions will focus on providing updated books which are prepared by the subject experts.


CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 PDF of NCERT Solutions has discussed in the introduction of this chapter about various components of the food we are taking. It means students should understand that the food habits may vary from person to person and region to region. All the people in India cannot eat a single food item. The meal's content is different from one another. The students are advised to take a map and point out the list of components of the food of that particular region.


2.1 What do Different Food Items Contain?

As the students already learn the sources of food in the previous chapter, the NCERT Solutions of Vedantu highlights the same point here and explain that the different ingredients available in the food may have several components in each ingredient which protects our body by giving energy. These components are nothing but nutrients. Students will know the importance of nutrients here, and they can learn how to gain more energy and how to choose healthy food etc.

Also, the NCERT Solutions of Class 6 Science Chapter 2 educates the students to make different tests on food to check whether the ingredients contain those components or not. For an instance,

  • Test for starch to check the availability of carbohydrates.

  • Test for protein to find out the presence of protein.

  • Christopher fat to calculate the amount of fat available.


2.2  What do Multiple Nutrients do for our Bodies?

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 is critical to the 6th-grade students because they came to know several facts about the food they were taking in. The students are taught that the nutrients are helpful for the body, and each nutrient is important for the body. Valencia Solutions of excited.com says that the carbohydrates and fats are energy giving sources for the body. Whereas vitamin D is to strengthen our bones and vitamin A is good for the eyes. Similarly, vitamin C, vitamin, vitamin E, and the B complex vitamins, etc. fibres, proteins, calcium everything is significant to the body.


2.3 Balanced Diet

The NCERT Science book Class 6 Chapter 2 Solutions educates the students that everyone should have a balanced diet which is a mixture of all the nutrients in necessary amounts. It should not be too little or too much. Asda five fingers with different heights constitutive Palm, different nutrients as per required quantity constitute the balancer diet of the body which helps to protect it. If the person takes two fewer quantities, he may suffer deficiency diseases. Similarly, if the person takes more, it may lead to obesity.


2.4 Deficiency Diseases

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 PDF Download

Explains the continuity of the previous section which is deficiency diseases. Students can understand the deficiency of each nutrient may lead to certain diseases. Let's see what they're?

  • Vitamin A - Loss of vision

  • Vitamin B1 - Beri Beri

  • Vitamin C - Scurvy

  • Vitamin D - Rickets

  • Calcium - Bone and tooth decay

  • Iron - Anaemia

  • Iodine - Goiter


Exercises

  • Three short answer type questions.

  • Four true or false.

  • Four fill in the blanks.


Key Takeaways of the NCERT Solutions of Class 6 Science Chapter 2

The solutions of Class 6 Science PDF are available on the official website Vedantu how are the students in many ways. They are,

  • It helps to improve the level of score along with the level of knowledge.

  • These PDF books are prepared by well-experienced subject experts and they're also available on the official website to clarify doubts.

  • NCERT Solutions provide plenty of solved and unsolved examples for every chapter.

  • Several activities are given in Science books to engage students and to gain practical knowledge.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Describe the Test for Starch to Identify the Carbohydrates in Food.

Ans. It is effortless to test for the starch to identify the presence of carbohydrates in food. For this, we need to take a small number of food items as a sample. Then add a few drops of iodine solution to the food item and observe the change. If the food changes its colour to the shade of combination of blue and black, then we can consider this as the presence of carbohydrates in that food. If the colour is not absorbed, there are no carbohydrates in that food item.

Q2. How can we Identify the Presence of Fat in the Food Particles?

Ans. We can identify the presence of fat in the food particles by testing for fat. It is simpler than the other tests. We need to take the food item whichever we want to test and wrap it in a paper carefully without tearing it. After wrapping, crush it nicely and then open the paper and make it straighten slowly. Now remove the food particles and observe the proper after being crushed. If you observe any oil patches on that paper, it means the fat is present in that food particle.

Q3. What are the important topics covered in Chapter 2 of the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science?

Ans: The important topics covered in Chapter 2 of the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science are major nutrients in our food, their functions, the nutrient-rich foods and ailments caused by the deficiency of a particular nutrient. They are explained in great detail in the NCERT Solutions. The solutions are also elaborated on the Vedantu website.

Q4. How many questions are present in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science?

Ans: There are five questions in the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2. Three of these questions have sub-parts. These questions follow various formats like fill in the blanks, true or false and one-word answers. The solutions available on the Vedantu website are free of cost and also accessible on the Vedantu Mobile app.

Q5. What is a balanced diet?

Ans: A balanced diet has a sufficient quantity of all nutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. A well-balanced diet also includes enough water and roughage. No one meal can give us all of the required elements in sufficient amounts. A balanced diet is necessary for the proper functioning of the body.

Q6. What are the conditions caused by the deficiency of various minerals and vitamins?

Ans: The various health conditions caused by deficiency of vitamins and minerals are:

  • Vitamin A - The deficiency of vitamin A causes loss of vision. 

  • Vitamin B1 - The deficiency of vitamin B1 causes beriberi. 

  • Vitamin C - The lack of vitamin C causes a disease popularly known as scurvy. 

  • Vitamin D - A low intake of vitamin D leads to rickets. 

  • Calcium - The deficiency of calcium causes bone and tooth decay. 

  • Anaemia - The lack of iron causes anaemia. 

  • Iodine - The deficiency of iodine causes the disease called goitre.

Q7. How can I understand Class 6 Science Chapter 2?

Ans: The chapter can be easily understood through regular practice and timely revision. One must learn all the keywords affiliated with each topic and make sure they use that keyword while answering the questions. They must also make sure that they make notes of every topic and refer to NCERT Solutions to get a better understanding of the chapter.

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