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Value of Tan 180

Last updated date: 24th Feb 2024
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Trigonometric Function: An Introduction

Sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent are the six trigonometric functions. There are numerous identities involving these six trigonometric functions that are used to solve many mathematical problems, and they are all related to one another in some way.

Sine, cosine, and tangent are the three fundamental among them because we can derive the other three using these fundamental functions. Secant is the reciprocal of cosine, cotangent is the reciprocal of a tangent, and cosecant is the reciprocal of sine. While tangent and cotangent have a periodicity of $\pi$, sine, cosine, secant, and cosecant have a periodicity of $2\pi$.

What is the Value of tan 180?

In Trigonometry, the measurement of tan 180 degrees equals 0. The \[\tan{180}^{\circ}\] can also be represented by 3.14159, which is the spherical geometry equivalent to the specific angle of 180 degrees.

How to Calculate Tan Value at 180 Degrees?

In this section, we will learn methods to find the value \[\tan{180}^{\circ}\].

The method for determining $\tan 180$ degree is as follows:

  1. Making Use of Trigonometric Functions

  2. Using Unit Circle

Value of Tan 180 Degrees Using Unit Circle

The \[\tan{180}^{\circ}\] can be expressed as $\tan \pi$ in a circular notation.

We already know that the tan can be written as \[\dfrac{\text{sin}}{\text{cos}}\]. The tan 180 value can be obtained from the unit circle using this relationship.

We can calculate the tangent values for each degree for a unit circle with a radius of 1. We can determine all the trigonometric ratios and values by using a unit circle drawn on the XY plane.

Value of Tan 180 Degrees on the Unit Circle

Value of Tan 180 Degrees on the Unit Circle

We know,

\[\sin 180^0=0\] and \[\cos 180^0 = -1\]

Therefore, \[\tan 180^0 = \dfrac{\sin 180^0}{\cos 180^0}\]


Value of Tan 180 Degrees Using Trigonometric Functions

In trigonometric ratios of angles \[(180\cos 180^{\circ}- \theta)\], we will find the relation between all six trigonometric ratios.

We know that

\[\sin (90^0 + \theta) = \cos \theta\]

\[\cos (90^0 + \theta) = - \sin \theta\]

\[\tan (90^0 + \theta) = - \cot \theta\]

\[\csc (90^0 + \theta) = \sec \theta\]

\[\sec ( 90^0 + \theta) = - \csc \theta\]

\[\cot ( 90^0 + \theta) = - \tan \theta\]


\[\sin (90^0 - \theta) = \cos \theta\]

\[\cos (90^0 - \theta) = \sin \theta\]

\[\tan (90^0 - \theta) = \cot \theta\]

\[\csc (90^0 - \theta) = \sec \theta\]

\[\sec (90^0 - \theta) = \csc \theta\]

\[\cot (90^0 - \theta) = \tan \theta\]

Trigonometric Ratios in Quadrants

Trigonometric Ratios in Quadrants

Now, \[180^0\] can be mathematically defined as \[tan(90^0 + 90^0)\].

According to the above image, \[tan(90^0 + A)\] is located in the second quadrant, so the tan is positive.

\[= – \cot 90^0\]

\[= –\dfrac{(\cos 90^0)} { \sin 90^0)}\]

\[= – \dfrac{0}{1}\]

\[= 0\]

Consequently, \[\tan 180^0 = 0\]

Alternately, \[\tan 180^0\] can be calculated as:

\[\tan 180^0 = \tan(180^0 – 0) = – \tan 0^0 = 0\]

Solved Examples

Example 1: Find the value of tan 1200.

Solution: \[\tan 120^0 = \tan(180^0 – 60^0)\]

\[= –\ tan 60^0\]

$= – \sqrt{3}$

So, the value of $\tan 120^0$ is $-\sqrt{3}$

Example 2: Evaluate 2tan1800 - tan1500.

Solution: \[2 \tan180^0 - \tan150^0\]

\[= 2\ tan 180^0 - \tan(180^0 -30^0\]

\[= 2(0) - (-\tan 30^0)\]

\[= 0 + \tan 30^0\]

\[= \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\]

So, the value of $2\tan180^0 – \tan150^0$ is $= \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{3}}$

Example 3: Find tan1800 + cot 450.

Solution: The value of \[\tan 180^0 = 0\] and \[\cot 45^0 = 1\].


\[\tan 180^0 + \cot 45^0\]

$= 0 + 1 = 1$

So, the value of $\tan 180^0 + \cot 45^0$ is 1.

Example 4: Find the value of tan2400.

Solution: \[\tan 240^0= tan (180 + 60)^0\]

\[= tan 60^0\]

We know \[\tan (180^{\circ} + \theta) = tan \theta\]

$ = \sqrt{3}$

So, the value of $\tan 240^0$ is $ = \sqrt{3}$

Practice Problem

Q 1. Find sec 1500.

Q 2. Find tan 1200 + cot 450.


  1. $\dfrac{-2}{\sqrt{3}}$

  2. $1-\sqrt{3}$


To summarise, the measurement of tan 180 degrees equals 0. $\tan 180 °$ can also be represented by 3.14159, which is the spherical geometry equivalent to the specific angle of 180 degrees. The cot of an angle is the reciprocal of a tan. We hope this article helped you understand how to find the value of $\tan 180$ degrees. Take out a pencil and piece of paper and try to practise the questions given above in this article by yourself.

FAQs on Value of Tan 180

1. How to calculate the value of cot 180 degrees?

The $\cot 180$ is the cotangent trigonometric function value for an angle of 180 degrees. Undefined is the value of $\cot 180^\circ$. By making an angle of $180^\circ$ with the x-axis, one can determine the value of the $\cot 180$ degrees by calculating the coordinates of the point (-1, 0) on the unit circle that corresponds to that angle. The x-coordinate(-1) divided by the y-coordinate gives the value of $\cot 180^0$. Therefore, $\cot 180^0$ = undefined.

2. What is the value of tan(180 - θ)?

The value of the given expression is calculated as follows: $\tan \left(180^{\circ}-\theta\right)=\tan \left[90^{\circ}+\left(90^{\circ}-\theta\right)\right]$

$\tan \left(180^{\circ}-\theta\right)=-\cot \left(90^{\circ}-\theta\right)$

$\tan \left(180^{\circ}-\theta\right)=-\tan (\theta)$ 

Hence, the value is $\tan \left(180^{\circ}-\theta\right)=-\tan (\theta)$.

3. What is the significance of trigonometry?

Trigonometry is a field of mathematics that addresses the relationships between triangle sides and angles. We are actually surrounded by trigonometric applications that we are clueless of. Trigonometry is used in the construction of homes and automobiles, etc. Not throughout the construction process, although certain concepts and measures based on trigonometry are used. 

In fact, trigonometry is utilised to create and manufacture equipment used in medical imaging, computer graphics, and other fields. To solve complex equations, three trigonometric functions are typically utilised alongside trigonometric identities. Understanding triangles and formulas allow you to solve many complex design challenges.